The Cochlioda is a genus that brings together about ten epiphytic orchids, originating in South America; they are plants of medium or small size, widely used in hybridizations with Oncidium and Miltonia; they have fleshy pseudobulbs, which carry a single leaf, long, dark green, slightly fleshy; in spring or autumn they produce a thin stem, 40-50 cm long, erect or pendulous, which carries numerous flowers, even 25-30, generally of a red or orange color, but also pink, yellow and intense pink of great aesthetic impact. The species most commonly found in nurseries, are C. vulvanica, of an intense pink color and C. noezliana of a red-orange color. These are ideal plants to grow in the apartment and able to bring liveliness and joy to the home.
The Cochlioda orchids prefer quite bright positions, but far from the direct rays of the sun that could burn the orchid leaves; therefore it is advisable to prefer well-ventilated and not too affected by the summer heat. These are species that fear the cold and are cultivated mainly in the home with temperatures above 15 ° C. An alternative is to grow our orchids in greenhouses temperatures. These greenhouses are the optimal solution for our orchids to develop at their best when the external climatic conditions are unfavorable. In this way, despite the harsh climates, cold winds and frost, healthy, colorful and lively plants can be obtained with a few simple attentions!
They need to be grown in an area with high environmental humidity; they are watered regularly, from March to September, avoiding to leave the roots immersed for a long time in the water; during the winter months water only sporadically. In the vegetative period we supply fertilizer for orchids every 25-30 days to be administered in the irrigation water.
The soil is the main source of sustenance for our plants. For this reason the choice of the soil to cultivate our plants is of extreme importance. Depending on the specific needs of our plants, in this case the orchids, it will be necessary to prefer a soil able to satisfy the needs of our plant species. Specifically, let's see what the ideal soil should be for this genus of orchids.
The cochlioda are grown in well-aerated soil, specific for orchids, consisting of small pieces of peat, shredded bark and other incoherent material. Often, over time, plants tend to form large clumps, which are placed in large bowls. It is important to provide Cochlioda orchids with specific fertilizer for orchids during the growing season. This will be dissolved in the irrigation water and given to the plants every thirty days or so.
The multiplication of the Cochlioda orchid occurs by dividing the tufts of pseudobulbs, taking care to maintain some well-developed roots for each portion practiced.
Cochlioda: Pests and diseases
As for pests and diseases that could affect the plant, we can say that cochlioda can sometimes be attacked by the cochineal that tends to nest at the base of the leaves. In this case, use specific pesticide products that can eradicate the problem.