Fruit and Vegetables

Lemon graft

Lemon graft

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Question: lemon graft

Good morning,
I have a problem with a lemon generated from a 12-year-old seed: it doesn't take
no type of graft. I had it grafted into both nurseries and people
expert but timely grafting dies. I wanted to know if the plant has
type of problem for which it does not hold the grafts, and which kind of graft
advise me. Thanks
Axel da udine

Answer: lemon graft

Dear Reader,
the lemon tree is usually split into a split or triangle shape
period of March, it is very important that the scion is of good quality and with
a vegetative state further back than the graft holder.
To better understand what the best techniques are, let's explain more in detail which operations are necessary to obtain a graft that gives good results.

Graft lemon

In order to obtain a good result with this technique it is fundamental to have two fundamental elements: a correct rootstock and a scion, that is a twig taken from a lemon plant from which the new plant will develop. As for the other citrus plants, the most adopted method is usually the so-called crown or split method. With these techniques one or two scions are grafted into the rootstock which have two or three buds on them. Usually the most used rootstock for the reproduction of citrus fruits is the bitter orange plant that has interesting characteristics, as it is resistant and vigorous, fundamental elements for having a new healthy and vigorous specimen. The diameter of the scions must be about one centimeter and a length of about ten or fifteen centimeters.

Lemon grafting: How to graft lemon

To carry out this operation and obtain new healthy and vigorous plants it is essential to take some precautions that will allow the success of the operation. First of all it is good to know that the best time to put this technique into practice is the spring one; another fundamental element is that of remembering to make clean and precise cuts, without gaps that could invalidate the success. To graft the scion into the rootstock, this must be cut horizontally, obtaining a round surface in which a vertical incision is then made at least four centimeters from the edge. In this V-shaped incision the cutting taken from the lemon plant is inserted. If you insert a single scion in the center you can talk about splitting; if you decide to use two scions to insert on the sides, the crown grafting technique will be put into practice. To have a good result it is necessary to choose a healthy and vigorous rootstock, free from pathologies that make it fragile; It is also essential to close the gap with the appropriate mastic, to avoid infiltration. The crown graft, on the other hand, must be completed by tying the scions with raffia and then covering with a cellophane bag, to be further covered with paper bags, which will be removed every two weeks to verify the development of the buds; if these have developed, then the bags must be removed definitively. As for the mastic and the raffia, these must be removed only when the plant has now formed the callus of union between rootstock and cutting.