Cough Syrup

Cough Syrup

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Cough syrup

Cough is a physical reaction to irritants that obstruct the respiratory tract and throat. They stimulate the nerves of the respiratory tract inviting the muscles of the abdomen and diaphragm to give an air boost to expel the cause of the sensation of discomfort and irritation.
The so-called "cough" that can occur from time to time for various causes should not worry. When, on the other hand, the cough tends to persist for several days or even for a few weeks, perhaps in conjunction with flu or cold sinus disorders, it may require medical treatment.
The cough can be of two types, dry or oily and for this reason it must be approached differently depending on the type.
Dry cough is called "unproductive" as it does not produce mucus and is often allergic or bronchial. This cough often appears to be hasty and sometimes spasmodic and should be treated, for the most part, with sedative medicines that tend to placate the typical "tickling" of the throat that it causes.
The fatty cough is instead "productive" or rather it is characterized by the presence of phlegm secreted inside the inflamed respiratory tract that pushes to come out just through the cough that therefore plays the role of "cleaner" of the respiratory apparatus. The fatty cough should be treated with mucolytic and expectorant medicines that favor the expulsion of the mucus.
Among the various chemical or homeopathic medicines to combat the annoying cough symptom, the most widely used is that in the form of syrup, whose typical dense and slippery consistency helps to fluidize the mucus and soothe the redness of the inflamed throat, decongesting the chest and giving immediate relief of the respiratory tract under stress.
The aim of the syrup, in general, is to appease and / or cure the irritation that affects throat and trachea, thus reducing coughing or calming violence.

Natural syrups

There are many cough syrups that are easily found in any pharmacy.
In case of dry cough it is good to request syrups with sedative function. Sedatives can be of two types, central and peripheral sedatives. The central sedatives eliminate the cough stimulus by acting on the nervous system; the peripheral sedatives, on the other hand, are characterized by molecules that tend to sleep the receptors of the respiratory system, thus calming the impulse to cough.
If the cough is oily, mucolytics or drugs with expectorant active ingredients should be used. The mucolytics tend to make the muchi more fluid so as to facilitate the work of expulsion by the bronchi and trachea. Acting on the problem that causes the cough and not on the stimulus, these medicines tend to have a non-immediate result. Indeed, in some cases, it is possible to find an initial deterioration, but at the end of the treatment the cough will have been definitively eliminated. For this same reason it is preferable not to take, in conjunction with the mucolytic, a sedative drug as this would tend to make the mucus stagnate inside the bronchi rendering vain the work of the mucolytic or, even worse, causing bronchopulmonary infections.
There are also syrups with an expectorant and balsamic action that improve breathing through the stimulus to expel the phlegm.
In any case, it is advisable to pay attention to the quantities and follow the dosage prescribed by the doctor. In fact, many of these syrups, if taken in excessive quantities, can create states of euphoria like a hallucinogenic substance.
Another contraindication found in cases of excessive consumption is a laxative effect due to some herbal principles or drowsiness due to the calming effect they induce.

Cough Syrup: Homeopathic Syrups

Even when using homeopathic syrups and therefore natural-based syrups it is necessary to recognize your own type of cough, dry or oily, and consequently choose the most appropriate cure.
In the case of dry cough syrups based on pulsatilla, sulfur, chamomile, drosera and walnut vomica are particularly indicated, active ingredients that act as sedatives and avoid the regurgitation effect that a coughing often causes.
In the case of fat and catarrhal cough it is good to choose a syrup based on hepar calcareum sulphuris (calcium sulfide), perfect for fighting tracheitis, or a garlic-based syrup that results, in the case of flu and bronchitis, a powerful natural antibiotic.
If the cough is congested and is accompanied by chest pain and difficulty in breathing, a syrup based on antimonium tart (emetic tartar) may be the solution, especially if the cause is bronchopneumonia. In case of throat irritation, on the other hand, it can help a syrup based on belladonna, phosphorus or aconitum napellus (aconite napello) which soothes the inflammation on which the cough stimulus is installed.
Other natural principles useful to fight cough are:
The altea can create a protective layer composed of the mucilages of which it is composed, which acts as a barrier against irritants.
Thyme, whose essential oil, thymol, has an expectorant and antimicrobial function against the micro-organisms that cause infection.
Licorice which is a natural anti-inflammatory and antismasmotic.
The pine that has balsamic properties similar to those of eucalyptus that can soothe irritation.
Grindelia, a natural antispasmotic particularly indicated for the treatment of asthma and bronchitis.
A quick and effective recipe for do-it-yourself cough syrup involves honey (possibly flavored with eucalyptus, which makes it balsamic) and / or melted sugar (with soothing and expectorant properties) with the addition of a few drops of lemon (antiseptic and cicatrizing).
Furthermore, honey is extremely rich in antioxidants and is therefore able to cure many cold infections. Its characteristics of density and sweetness favor salivation, thin the mucus and lubricate the respiratory tract.
These natural ingredients can also be combined with each other, allowing themselves to be advised, for pairings and doses, by their doctor, homeopath or herbalist, although many recipes are handed down from generation to generation offering remedies with unknown scientific basis but with a sure result.
It must also be said that homeopathic syrup, although it often receives criticism from traditional medicine to provide only a placebo effect (which can still produce results), is instead particularly suitable for treating children's cough, in addition to that of adults. These remedies are not in fact subjected to chemical processes and, consequently, they do not know contraindications and side effects.


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