Garden furniture

Flowers for planters

Flowers for planters

The plants as it is known as well as being grown in gardens and flower beds also lend themselves to cultivation on terraces and balconies. Some of these plants can therefore be placed in appropriate planters whether they are resting (in terracotta or cement) and as a hook to railings or boundary walls. For the cultivation in pots we need plants that are able to grow equally with the full earth or the fields. The description of the plants for planters in our case focuses on the cultivation of lily and lily of the valley. The lily belongs to the Liliaceae family, it is a perennial plant that grows wild in temperate regions, whatever the continent (Europe, Asia and America). Lilies are bulbous plants whose flowers have splendid different colors depending on the variety; the bulbs on the market are hybrids of recent creation, which have exceptional characteristics due to their vigor and variety of shapes and colors. The most known and easily available species are: Lilium candidum, well known for its white and perfumed trumpet-shaped flowers; Lilium auratum, a fragrant native of Japan with large funnel-shaped flowers, fleshy, white, speckled with yellow and purple. The lily of the valley also belongs to the Liliaceae family; It is a perennial plant that arises spontaneously and can therefore be seen, given the similarities with the lily, to be grown safely in pots or planters. The characteristics of the lily of the valley are known and easily identifiable: wide, oval and very long leaves with short stems about twenty centimeters high with white flowers, similar to small fragrant bells with the tips of the curved petals facing outwards.


The bulbs of the lilies are buried in spring at a depth of 10-12 cm. They require a substantial but light well-drained and permeable soil, to prevent the stagnant humidity from causing the bulbs to rot. In the summer fertilizations with soluble fertilizers in water are necessary to be repeated every 10 days. The candidum lily also called of St. Anthony, is the only species that is buried in August. Cultivated in pots, lilies require fertile garden soil mixed with 50% heather, with the addition of a handful of finely chopped sand and charcoal. Planters of at least 22-25 cm should be used. in diameter. Having lily bulbs and wanting to get other subjects, we proceed by carefully removing the small bulbs called "bulbils" that form around the main one. Another way to multiply the bulbs is to remove the "cloves" that are found between the attack of the leaves and the stem. Both the first and second operations are quite delicate; the "bulbils" must be arranged in planters and cultivated for at least three or four years, to give them the opportunity to take on the optimal shape.


The cultivation of lilies of the valley occurs through the rhizomes that can be purchased from florists or gardening centers and are buried in shady locations, where they multiply on their own. They prefer very fertile soils rich in sand, clay and organic matter composed of soil from vegetable debris and leaves in an advanced state of decomposition. They take root easily and if you want to multiply them you proceed by division of rhizomes in spring, after flowering or in autumn. Forcing in a vase is necessary when you intend to anticipate flowering. The operation is done by placing the rhizomes of the lilies of the valley in pots with mixed sphagnum compost placed then, in the soil for 5-6 weeks and once the vegetation has appeared, the vessels are transferred to a heated greenhouse or to bright rooms with a constant average temperature of 20 degrees. Only when they become adults can they be transferred to planters. However, frequent watering and the administration of water-soluble liquid fertilizers, not necessarily of chemical composition, are advisable.


The lily was held in great consideration in past centuries as a medicinal plant. Before the year one thousand, it was even thought that by drinking the juice obtained by pounding the lily in a mortar combined with wine, the toxicity of the snake bite could be averted. As for the lily of the valley instead it is to be kept in mind that seeds, roots and leaves are toxic. However, pharmaceutical scientists recognize lilies of the valley as similar to digitalis. Also for the lilies of the valley as for the lily there are hybrid varieties created for the production of cut flowers with the difference that the stems are more robust, taller and the bell flowers larger in diameter. Among the various species it is very pleasant is the "rosy" due to the delicate color of the flowers. In addition there are varieties that have leaves striated with white or golden yellow. The fragrant flowers of the lily of the valley, when they are used as cut, must be cut about 20 centimeters from the base and before immersing them in a vase with water, they must be released near the cut of the greenish cover so that the white part is in close contact with it. The last characteristic that has led flower growers to the production of cut flowers is that in the hybrid species, the flowers can also last for a period of more than ten or twelve days.