Garden maintenance includes all the operations to be carried out regularly so that it maintains its beauty and health over time. It will therefore be necessary to get information and put into practice all those techniques aimed at optimizing the various crops. Among them, watering occupies a prominent place, because it is precisely the water that is the main source of plant support. In general, irrigation should be done in the morning or at sunset, to avoid water waste and give maximum benefit to the plants. Taking care of the soil is just as important, and a thorough analysis of the soil will allow us to maintain the right amount of nutrients and a correct pH level. For this purpose chemical fertilizers or peat may be used. Mulching must also be carried out regularly, as it helps to retain soil moisture and prevents weed growth. In addition to all this, we need to find out what types of plants we want to start growing or those to be added later, in order to design for them a soil and an ad hoc setting, which takes into account their characteristics of exposure, feeding and treatment. Finally, you will need to provide for pesticides and pest control to eradicate fungi and parasites, or simply to take advantage of them to prevent future attacks. The recommendation is to always contact centers and experienced professionals to find all the material necessary for garden maintenance, so as to have the guarantee that all the treatments carried out are successful and are suitable for the intended purpose. Here are the general guidelines to follow, step by step.
Watering and fertilization
Even if the requirements for exact maintenance treatments change vary depending on the plant species in question, in general most plants and flowers are placed in places exposed to the sun and in well-drained soils. By virtue of this, it will be good to carry out regular irrigations, once every fifteen days in winter and up to four in the summer season. As for the type of water, it is better to choose the non-potable one, because it contains much less limestone. Once a week a deeper watering will be performed, that is to say, going inside the earth, so as to encourage plants to form stronger roots and make them more resistant to environmental stresses and climatic changes. The best method for regular irrigation is the drip method, because it allows a more uniform distribution of water and does not damage weaker leaves and flowers. This can be done with a watering can equipped with an onion device if the garden is small, or with a real system equipped with a timer if the area is larger. As far as fertilization is concerned, on the other hand, care must be taken not to exceed the doses, since in this case the plants would no longer be able to produce their pleasant fragrances; instead a light annual application will be enough to be carried out at the beginning of spring, by chemical or natural fertilizer, peat or compost, according to the specific requirements. To avoid the appearance of harmful animals and pests in the garden, it is essential to clean regularly all the elements present in it, starting to eliminate weeds, which furthermore suffocate the new seeds preventing their regular growth. Then placing a layer of mulch will promote moisture in the soil and also the mushrooms will stay away from the roots.
Pruning is a fundamental point in garden maintenance, because it allows you to aesthetically regulate plants and keep them healthy by eliminating the now dry parts. This must be done with a special cutter, to be chosen in proportion to the size of the plant to be treated. The cutting of dry branches or rotten elements must be performed with a laminar inclination of about forty-five degrees, and with a net and precise movement, in order not to damage the main stem, the buds or the adjacent buds. In order to obtain an optimal result, it must be done twice a year, and precisely at the beginning of spring and at the end of the summer season. To adjust the height and shape of larger elements, such as hedges or trees, the help of an electric or tape saw will be used, to be used with the utmost care and asking for information on the technique to qualified personnel.
Garden maintenance: Low maintenance gardens
If you don't have much time to devote to the care of your own green corner, you can think about creating a low maintenance garden. The ideal choice falls on a typology of vegetables that
are resistant to drought, and require little care. The clover for example, offers a simple and economic solution to the problem, giving the garden a pleasant decorative island. Perennial herbs, evergreen hedges and rustic shrubs can also be added. For their maintenance, a couple of irrigations a week in summer and a fortnight in the cold season will suffice. Mulching should only be done once every two years, while care should be taken to remove weeds and dry leaves from the soil, since they prevent their optimal growth and favor the proliferation of parasites. So here is the solution for those who do not want to give up the beauty of green, despite having little time available.