Gardening

Chinese gardens


Chinese gardens


The Chinese gardens focus on the artistic effect, on the harmony given by the shapes of the species of trees and flowers planted and by their very exciting colors. The architectural structures focus on the surprise effect, astonishing with the colors, the water games, the many details but maintaining a sense of harmonious order.
Make a Chinese garden it is not very simple and not even particularly cheap, but you can always decide to create a small corner set up with objects of oriental appeal to be associated with Chinese flowers and plants.
The beauty of these gardens is also given by their uniqueness: each garden is different from the other but maintaining common features such as the presence of rocks, ponds, cloisters. The difference is given by the flowers and plants present, which with their changing, even according to the seasons and the change of light, give always different views.
The work to be done is meticulous but the satisfactions will be enormous: the Chinese tradition associates each flower and plant with a different meaning.
Depending on the flowers you are going to plant in Chinese garden it will give a different meaning to the whole: for example, the azalea is the symbol of femininity par excellence and elegance. The orchid is the symbol of perfection, prosperity and inner growth.
Peach blossoms look forward to a long life and abundance and luck in love.
The hydrangea is the plant of gratitude and illumination.
The red chrysanthemum represents the Yang energy and is a good omen for a good and long life for the elderly.
Lilies symbolize happiness and unity among people, while narcissus brings good luck in work.

Creating a Chinese garden



It is essential to create a harmonious environment that brings together all the natural elements such as the earth, the sky and the water, adapting to the layout of the available space without any forcing, and finding the right space for each type of plant based to the needs of light and exposure to wind and weather also based on the territory in which we live.
The essence of the Chinese garden is the harmony of shapes and colors and therefore you will not have to exaggerate with too many chromatic choices, but you will have to give an essential scenographic movement, not too luxurious. In the gardens there will also be space for elements such as zigzag bridges, tunnels, rocks, paths and curved lanes to give the possibility of looking at the environment from multiple perspectives, walking, and to give movement and non-linearity.
The element of water will be given by fountains, waterfalls, ponds, non-geometric ponds, as if they had been created by nature and positioned towards the south; the flow of water will be slow to give a sense of calm and to promote peace and contemplation.
Ornaments such as tables and stone chairs suitable for the colder seasons and rattan chairs in the warm season can also be arranged, but everything must always be suitable and harmonious with the surrounding environment. The important thing is that the composition as a whole is suggestive, similar to a poem, natural.

The origin of the traditional garden dates back to the Qin and Han dynasties (221 BC - 220 AD), a period in which the gardens were composed not only of flowers and trees, temples and palaces and all around elephants, fallow deer, dogs, horses scurried around and various species also aquatic.
Another Han-era masterpiece is the Jian Zhang Palace, also built by Emperor Wu south of the vast Tai Yi Lake and on whose shores an enormous fish and two stone turtles were built.
Between the II and the VI century AD a need for literary and artistic freedom spreads which consequently also causes the need to change the way gardens are created, also influenced by the change in the meaning that watercolor landscape painting had in those years.
The gardens began to have names that described their naturalistic characteristics: the rocks represented hills and mountains and the streams represented inner peace, the flow of life and spiritual growth.
Subsequently with the Tang dynasty (618-907 AD), the gardens became a symbol of conceptual enrichment, subsequently influencing also the architecture of the Japanese gardens and subsequently of the other countries.
The gardens were often designed by painters, poets and actors who gave their art and sensibility to the search for the beautification and harmonization of the landscape in respect of nature and without forcing.