Flower linked to the images of our childhood, once the Margheritina also called Pratolina, was the flower that adorned many of our fields. Even today, although it is more difficult, the daisy can be seen speckling with white the lawns of our cities. The grassy surfaces of city parks seem to be anxiously awaiting the birth of this spring flower that is one of the first to bloom but has the capacity to survive, for almost all year round, especially if it is in the fields, its natural habitat. The daisy, in fact, prefers a well-hydrated and moist soil, enough to find a safe shelter for its roots. This cute little flower does not find an ideal environment when the climate is too dry or sultry, which is why we see it more in certain places than others.
What is the Margheritina
Daisy is not a particularly fragrant flower and is a herbaceous plant that practically grows everywhere. We can find it on the embankments of the streets, on the edges of the brooks and also in the residential areas of the countryside. The botanical name of this simple field flower is Bellis perennis and is a flower with a stem of just 20 centimeters with petiolate leaves wrapped in a very light hair and the corolla formed by small yellowish heads and a tide of white petals very close together . The flower has the characteristic of closing at night when the temperatures are lowered and when it rains and reopens only when the sun's rays reach a decent heat and the daisy, turns precisely following the direction of the solar heat. The petals almost always white, reach pink or yellowish shades.
Therapeutic properties of Margheritina
Already known in the Renaissance, the margheritina was used for its medicinal virtues using roots, leaves and flowers. Then erroneously, it was banned because the commoners began to use the flower as an abortive product, something absolutely not corresponding to the truth. The daisy in fact, has no such deleterious effect but fortunately the modern homeopathy has re-evaluated it very much. Fortunately it is possible to find it throughout the year but in herbal medicine, we recommend drying leaves and flowers and then enclosing them in sterilized and hermetically sealed glass jars.
Numerous studies on this flower have ascertained that the virtues of this flower are diuretic, anti-inflammatory, expectorant, tonic and healing. The daisy is much appreciated because it contains mucilage, essential oils, saponins (a substance previously considered abortive), tannin, organic acid and resin. These important elements allow the flower to bring purifying benefits to our body especially because it regulates intestinal functions. The daisy is usually used alone but under strict medical supervision, it can be combined with other medicinal herbs such as Arnica and it seems to have thus digestive and liver benefits. The flower was also used for its important healing virtues and still today, it helps the lesions of the breast, the coccyx and the small pelvis.
How to use the Margheritina
The flower is used in the form of an infusion but it is the mother tincture that turns out to be the queen with regard to some precise pathologies. The latter is prepared using the plant in all its parts and above all without letting it dry. With two grams of flowers in a cup of hot water, an excellent purifying infusion is prepared which stimulates diuresis and regulates intestinal function. The infusion should be drunk lukewarm and sweetened with raw honey, three times a day but it is possible to use it also for external use in the amount of five grams of flowers in 100 grams of hot water. This infusion should be used on reddened skin or light skin abrasions. In these cases, the pulp of flowers and leaves boiled in water for a quarter of an hour is also very useful. The pulp should be placed on a gauze and applied to the reddened area. The cosmetic industries are producing products in which the elements of the daisy are inserted because they are used as refreshing and soothing where the skin is reddened by sweat or by atmospheric agents. Emollient wipes are also placed on the market for the treatment of congested or suffering from annoying couperose skins. If you want to use the mother tincture, it should be purchased in herbal medicine and used in the quantity of 30 drops diluted in a little water to be taken three times a day. To decongest the reddened skin, the mother tincture should be placed on sterile gauzes and applied to the area to be treated. The tender parts of the daisy should also be used in traditional cooking but their taste is somewhat bland so it is advisable to mix flowers and daisy leaves. with other types of sprouts or fresh salads. The dried flowers, roots and leaves of daisy, are found in herbal medicine at a fairly affordable price and can be purchased in bulk or even in pre-packaged sachets. The cost of dyes and capsules, on the other hand, increases depending on the treatments and is around € 24, especially if it comes to mother tincture drops.
How to grow daisy
We have specified that the daisy, if it dwells in a moist and well-drained soil, can be found for almost the entire span of a year. The soil must therefore be fertile and well prepared. Buy the seedlings in a nursery and plant them at 20 centimeters from each other. The ideal for this plant is to be well exposed to the sun but it also adapts to half-shade because on its own it directs itself where the warm sunrays arrive. The plants can also be preserved during the winter, before planting them next spring. They are resistant to cold and therefore remain in the jars trying to make them stay at a temperature of 8-10 degrees. Keep in mind that you need a substrate that is always damp without, for this reason, exaggerating with irrigation. Water abundantly only in those periods of severe heat and drought. Wait for the ground to absorb all the water and then water again. Rarely, the daisies are attacked by parasites but if this happens, use the fungicides safely and the daisies will soon be cured. Take care to use organic products, if you have to use the plants for food or herbal use.