Organic farming gives priority to health, respect for the environment and is therefore almost a philosophy of life. Anyone who cultivates in this way does not use industrial pesticides or synthesis products or GMOs, but prefers to reuse all forms of organic matter so as not to alter the natural fertility of the soil, respecting the biodiversity of each type of soil and territory, and making the rotation of crops to avoid depleting the soil.
In organic cultivation, plant diseases are fought with natural preparations derived from plants or animals and minerals, never with synthetic and industrial products.
So whether you have a vegetable garden or a small corner of biologically cultivated garden, or even just a cultivation on a balcome, the problem of insects and pests can be presented, but there are natural remedies and can be produced at home, really very effective .
There are many insects that can damage plants and fortunately there are also many natural recipes to keep them away and very simple to prepare, or commonly used products to find.
Garlic for example, readily available in all homes, is a natural and powerful repellent: its smell keeps all insects away. Just blend a few cloves of garlic and then let it soak in 3 liters of water for a day; then everything is vaporized with a spray on the leaves of the plants.
Another product that is easy to find are the egg shells that have a double use both as a fertilizer and as a repellent: if you chop them, you can sprinkle the soil around your plants to give them more nourishment and instead if you create a barrier around with the shells in pieces you will remove caterpillars and snails.
Another ally is the nettle that must be collected, with gloves, then left to soak in a lot of water and left to rest for a week. It is an excellent liquid fertilizer to sprinkle on the ground all around your plants.
For pests, another extraordinary natural remedy is the chili pepper which is blended with about half a liter of water, left to rest during the night, and in the morning, after having filtered the mixture, add a little more water and fill the sprayer to then vaporize everything on the leaves.
Another product to be vaporized is Marseille soap which must be diluted with plenty of water and then sprayed on the leaves and keeps aphids and cochineals away.
To keep snails away instead, just bury a glass of beer with which the snails are delicious, and the next day you will find them all there.
Even the coffee grounds can be used sprinkling the soil, to fertilize it and thus enrich it with nitrogen.
To keep worms, aphids and moths away from the plants, the tomato leaves are very useful: you have to chop up a lot of tomato leaves with water, let them rest overnight and always spray with a spray on the plants.
To fertilize your soil in a natural way, an organic fertilizer can be obtained using the cut grass of your lawn: leave the cut grass on the ground which will decompose and release useful nitrogen in the soil that will increase the growth of the lawn itself and of the plants around.
The same function also has straw, leaves and even some remains of food, which if sprinkled on the ground of your garden, will make the growth more luxuriant.
If you have animals like rabbits, goats and chickens, you can use their droppings as fertilizer, simply spreading them on the ground.
Furthermore, there are antagonist insects such as the ladybird, which keep many plant pests away.
Organic cultivation and fertilization
It is good to keep in mind that to safeguard an organic garden it is good to plant many types and species of plants and this because, together with the rotation of the vegetables, it will allow to keep away the parasites, which will not have time to proliferate.
Furthermore, it is possible to cultivate early and late varieties so that their vegetative cycle does not coincide with the biological one of the parasites.
The choice of vegetables must also be made on the basis of their resistance, so perhaps it is better to prefer vegetables that have existed for a long time and not those of the latest generation.
The harmful and infesting plants must be eliminated with the fire, while the weeds must be uprooted manually and absolutely before they bloom.
The parasites can also be removed manually, but for practical reasons hedges can be planted to keep animals like hedgehogs, snakes and amphibians close together that can eat insects and larvae.
Antagonist insects, such as the ladybird, are also a great help, keeping away insects and pests.
Furthermore, to keep animals from small or larger animals away from our vegetables, physical barriers can be built depending on how our garden is conformed.
With these rules you will be sure that you have respected the environment and the life cycle of each plant, with an eye to your health.