Vegetable garden in a vase
Even those who have pieces of land at their disposal, love the challenge of growing vegetable plants in pots. Even if the yield won't be that of a garden in full earth, if you have the right attentions you can have great satisfactions and surprising decorative effects.
Starting to explain to neophytes how to build a vegetable garden in the small space of a vase, it is useful to point out that the plants, whether they are in a container or not, follow their rules. Therefore the recommended exposure, the type of fertilization and the type of soil do not change from cultivation in the open ground. Nor does the need for water and plant care change.
What to know to get started
However, the cultivation in a container poses two problems: the first is the easy rottenness due to over-abundant watering or its opposite, the lack of watering. The second problem is the burns due to too much fertilization or the suffering of the plant for absent fertilizations. In the case of vegetable plants these two problems are even more present because they are plants that have a short and intense life, which in the open ground we would water copiously, relying on the natural drainage capacity of the soil and which we would fertilize with as much abundance, always knowing that what the plant does not need immediately, will be held back by the soil until the right time. Potted plants, and especially plant roots, have little space and this must lead us to calculate the right amount of water to moisten, but that does not create stagnation. It is necessary to remember that it is easier to get back a thirsty plant than to save a drowned one. Sometimes it is better to organize for two little abundant daily waterings, rather than one too strong.
It is very important, then, to consider that, although the final effect may be beautiful, even the foliage of the plants needs air and that placing a smaller container on a larger one is not always the right solution to have plants in good health.
Although you can indulge in more particular vases and more extravagant shapes that are better suited to our personal taste, if you think from the point of view of the plant the container does not exist. For her, the vase is just a hard wall through which she cannot pass the roots while stretching them to look for water and nourishment. In nature, a stone or rock is the equivalent of a container. The plant immediately adapts to the obstacle and changes the direction in which to stretch the root. For this reason, when deciding which container to use, it is necessary to consider the dimensions of the plant and its root system when they are at the maximum of their possible growth. Choosing immediately the right size pot for the final size of the plant is even more important for vegetable plants because most of them do not like repotting while it is in bloom or during fruit production, even if done with all the attention and with the earthen bread intact Another important feature of the pots to use is that of the height: the standard rule that is good for almost all plants, is that to have them healthy and fruitful it is necessary to consider the depth to which the roots can reach the most fifteen centimeters of earth.
A collection of jars with aromatic herbs is the form of potted vegetable garden more common. to build it the kitchen window sill is enough and there is often no need to care about how the plants are positioned and brought to life. However, if you wish, the small space dedicated to aromatic potted herbs can become an extremely decorative corner of your own family spaces, as well as being useful in the kitchen.One of the few rules that we follow is that of not putting the sage plant and the rosemary plant close together. In addition to needing different sun exposures and different types of soil, sage and rosemary cannot be tolerated. If you plant nearby, or even in the same container, one of the two will end up dying and the other will suffer. It is better, therefore, to place the two plants at the two ends of our small herb garden. Furthermore, being two perennials and always green, they will give stability to the chosen space even in winter, when the other plants are not there.Parsley has the particularity of growing everywhere, but if you give it the space of a planter or a large container it will create a beautiful green spot, which will remain even in winter, guaranteeing an always fresh harvest. Thyme, which is always more green, prefers half-shade and is therefore suitable for growing near a luxuriant rosemary plant. It does not adapt well to sage, because the sage needs only space to enlarge the foliage, it is basically a plant that loves to have space around itself and does not want too many waterings. An extremely common plant for aromatic vegetable gardens is basil: it grows well in the sun facing south, but it is necessary to have the foresight to give it space, each plant must have around its stem a radius of at least 10 centimeters in which nothing must grow . two plants too close together will never grow enough. It needs a continuous natural fertilizer.Fruit and vegetables
On the balconies it is not difficult to find boxes for the cultivation of strawberries or planters containing tomatoes. For strawberries the best successes are obtained in fruit crates, about 60 x 50 wide and about twenty centimeters deep. The plastic box must be lined with a non-woven sheet or some plastic sheeting and filled with well-fertilized soil. In these boxes the strawberries grow very well, protected by their main enemy, the snail, and also by gray mold if you pay attention. On the other hand, tomatoes need a planter at least 50 centimeters deep, and it is not possible to grow more than one plant at a time. Even the head salads need solitude in their pots while the misticanze can be cultivated thinking however that the regrowth time is long and that the collected quantities are not such as to give satisfaction. if you want to sow single-leaf salad better then the rocket, whose use in the kitchen and the strong flavor allows you to use little of it at a time, and therefore not leave a vessel unguarded for too long.
Pumpkins and courgettes need a lot of care but can grow in large planters giving a lot of satisfaction and a nice harvest. Potatoes are a recommended plant for very intense green but the harvest is carried out once or twice, with a flat surface and greatly impoverishes the soil of the host pot. radishes, on the other hand, can be grown everywhere, take up little space and are very nice when the small red balls begin to sprout from the ground. Other plants recommended for the cultivation of a potted vegetable garden and flowering are the herbs, beans, peas and you can certainly try it with American grapes and table grapes.