Fat plants

Seeds succulent plants

Grow the seeds of succulent plants

Let's see what are the steps to follow to be able to see the seeds germinate and take an active part in plant growth. It is necessary to know, first of all, that once the fertilization has been carried out, the ovule is the protagonist of a rapid growth that leads it to become seed, within which the embryo of the future plant is situated. The embryo consists of the stem, the radicle and the feather, a gem. Two leaflets, the cotyledons, are connected to the fustentine, containing numerous reserve substances, so as to make the nourishment necessary for the new plant in the early stages of development.

What happens to the seed

In fat plants, as the seed is formed, the ovary in turn undergoes some transformations, so that a shell is formed around the seed. When the seed reaches maturity, the embryo enters into quiescence: in the meantime, the wrapper originating from the outer layers becomes thicker and harder: the seed, with the embryo inside, comes off. In this way, the seed awaits the moment (the season) which is most favorable to growth. Maintaining retirement depends, first of all, on the integument. It acts as a sort of mechanical barrier whose task is to prevent gas and water from entering: the growth of the seed begins when the coating is damaged or removed due to mechanical agents, rainwater or rays of the sun, or is moved by a bird, or removed by digestion. The seed germinates after having arrived on the ground thanks to the dissemination. In order for this to happen, in any case, it is advisable that there is enough light, water and air, that there are no alterations to the seed and that the temperature is suitable. In these conditions the seed of the succulent plant begins to absorb water taking it from the ground, and tears the integument after swelling.

When the embryo grows

Meanwhile the embryo begins to grow, taking advantage of the nutrients present in the cotyledons. They can stay in the ground or come out of the ground. As for the sowing of succulent plants, it is good to specify that this is a procedure that requires a considerable dowry of perseverance and a lot of patience. This means that we should not be discouraged if the first attempts fail and no seed sprouts. Whoever is going to sow a succulent plant for the first time should start with simple germination species: species for which, in short, growth does not presuppose particular environmental conditions.

Which seeds to choose

It will therefore be preferable to select seeds that lead to the formation of the whole plant in a few months, while avoiding sophisticated species that could take years for growth of a few centimeters. It must always be borne in mind that the growth of a plant from the seed is different from the rooting of a cutting. From the most practical point of view, the cuttings give life to smaller versions of the original plant, while through the reproduction from seed each plant represents a new specimen. When choosing seeds, avoid sachets with images of brightly colored plants, as well as proposals that do not ensure purity of the seeds or sufficient germination. It will be advisable, on the other hand, to refer to specialized centers or associations, so as to be able to count on suggestions and advice from expert persons, and at the same time receive seeds with a sufficiently high germination power.

How and when to start

We should start with a modest quantity of seeds, both to avoid too many empty attempts, and because they are collectable plants, which deserve specific care and attention. It should not be forgotten that the instructions regarding the methods and timing of sowing are shown on each sachet: having said that, there are still some general rules that should be followed in any situation. In particular, almost all the plant seeds greases should be planted between spring and summer: the two prerequisites are humidity and heat, which must be carefully regulated during the germination weeks.

Seeds of succulent plants: Air the seedbed and avoid water stagnation

Equally important is the ventilation of the seedbed, while factors to be considered are stagnation of humidity and the risk of attacks by fungi and molds. The best time to sow is the month of May, when on average temperatures exceed twenty degrees. Starting in early spring, you risk having to deal with temperature drops and too cold climates, which could be fatal. In order for the seeds to germinate, it will be advisable to arrange the seed bed appropriately, using a propagator that serves to heat the soil, then adjusting the temperature with a thermostat between eighteen and twenty-seven degrees.