Climbing strawberries: cultivation tips
To be more precise, the Strawberry is not a real fruit but an association of them, derived from the enlargement of the fertile part of the plant.
The strawberry is often grown in homes or in greenhouses because it is widely marketed due to its fleshy consistency and its sugary taste.
Although it is not a real fruit, by convention, it will be considered as such. It usually has a species-specific form, and varies from the most rounded to the slightly elongated in which there is a pointed part and the other more expanded and globose.
The whole strawberry, which usually has a beautiful bright red color, is studded with many small yellow seeds arranged on the surface in very precise positions.
Making a section of this fruit you can notice a sort of small empty inner chamber that can be more or less expanded and sometimes completely absent and then the pulp that appears consistent but soft, depending on the degree of ripeness.
Generally the strawberries are sweet and juicy and extremely suitable for the creation of smoothies, fruit juices, as well as for delicious frozen desserts and tarts.
The plant from which this fruit derives is perennial and has a small stem that can reach a maximum height of 15-20 cm, some branches carry a whorl composed of three leaves with serrated edges and bright green color. The flower is small and composed of five white petals that surround the yellow reproductive systems.
Among the various species there are those defined as climbers due to their ability to provide very thin branches that can reach considerable lengths and which, if followed and oriented by man, can seem like real creepers. These can be grown safely at home by paying attention to some simple rules to follow so that they can develop and bear fruit.
The climbing strawberries they are suitable for cultivation in gardens, but their ornamental function and not only, is even better explained if they are cultivated in balconies and terraces. The positive characteristic of these plants in open but limited environments is that they can take advantage of a considerable quantity of oxygen, of space and above all they must not fight against weeds. The advice is to place the plants in hanging jars to create fronds that extend downwards in cascade or to place the pots on the floor and to help each other with supports to make the branches grow taller. . Strawberry plants love temperate climates and very sunny environments but they are sufficiently resistant even in situations that are clearly opposite, in fact, especially in coastal areas, they can live up to 1000 meters high. As far as the soil is concerned, it is advisable to use peat and specific fertilizers in the correct way to always have a soil rich in organic substance. Water stagnation in the vessel must be avoided and this requires a soil that can drain it in the best way.
For the cultivation it is possible to start from the seeds or from the vegetative propagation. If you choose the first you need to use a pot with a mixture of peat and sand in equal parts, place the seeds at a distance of a few centimeters from each other and then place another thin layer of soil. In this circumstance it is necessary to water with a spray to avoid the displacement of the seeds. After about months the plants will be ready to be moved to the pot that will host them for the following periods. In this vase there is a base of draining gravel in the lower part, a thin layer of mature manure and above it a layer of earth in which, after having made small holes, the seedling is inserted until it covers all the roots, yes he presses the earth a little and gently water himself. This is the moment in which supports must be placed close to the plant as bamboo poles on which it will grow.
Strawberry plants must be watered often without however completely wetting the soil, which must however be constantly moist.
The fertilization must be carried out in the vegetative season about once a month with the use of liquid fertilizer based on phosphorus and potassium.
The fruits can be harvested from May to September and these must be taken individually as they mature.
Diseases climbing strawberries
Unlike plants grown on the ground, as mentioned before, those grown in pots and even more suspended ones will not have to deal with weeds. However, they could be affected by white disease or colonization by parasitic fungi. Don't then forget about Aphids and Cochineals which are the worst enemies of any plant.
The problem with these plants is that they cannot be treated with chemicals to combat all these problems so the only way to be able to taste their fruits and to have a luxuriant growth without problems is to strictly follow the rules listed above and keep them in a clean and controlled environment and vase at all times of the year.