Buying plants: how to do it
Buying plants is an important emotional and economic investment that deserves to be carefully evaluated. Let's see, then, some rules to follow to make smart and targeted purchases for indoor plants. First, it is advisable to buy only seasonal plants, either because they provide a greater guarantee of rooting, or because they offer a cheaper price than the others.
Which plants to choose
The plants must be bought only by referring to specialized personnel, who will provide all the necessary advice to treat them carefully. On the other hand, plants with bare and too long stems, weak and damaged leaves, and withered flowers should be discarded, as well as those that are in an excessively narrow or too small vase: to realize this, it is sufficient to observe the roots; if they can be seen on the surface of the soil, or even come out of the drainage hole, they constitute an alarm bell. It is always advisable to check the soil, which must be clean and moist, free of mold or whitish spots, and the underside of the leaves, which must be free of insects or parasites, as well as the tops of the twigs and nodes, ie the points where the stem intersects. In the presence of pale green or yellow leaves, we are dealing with a plant that has not received a correct watering, while in the presence of leaves with brownish margins, we are dealing with a plant that has been fertilized excessively or which has been exposed to too high temperatures for too long.
Prefer young plants
Having said that preference should be given to plants with bushy and young leaves, keeping however the extension of their root system under control (young plants, in fact, are able to support movements more easily, resist different acclimatizations and are more robust) , however it is good to take into account the conditions in which they must be maintained: lighting, temperature and position.
Buy fruit plants
But in addition to indoor plants, it is also possible to buy fruit plants. In this case, it is advisable to make the purchase during the autumn: in this way, in fact, you can count on a safer and easier rooting, because the earth, thanks to winter rains, will settle to perfection around the roots. Not only that: it will also be possible to place the plant at home a short time after its eradication, so as to avoid the danger of buying a goblet that could be dehydrated if stored for a long time above ground. It is easy to imagine, in fact, that a badly preserved palm may not take root, although it should be noted that partial dehydration can be reduced by keeping the roots in water for two or three days. Another reason to make the purchase and planting of the plant is to be found in the fact that it will give rise to the new vegetation when the air temperature rises, at the end of the winter season, to then obtain the overall development of the vegetative capacity during the year. By planting the plant not in autumn but in winter, the time available, however good the conditions may be, turns out to be shorter, due to the delayed departure.
Factors to consider before buying
It is clear that this reasoning excludes all the species that would be damaged by the typical cold of the winter months: the reference is to khaki, olives, figs, Japanese medlars, all species for which planting must be performed in spring. When making the purchase, pay attention to the rod, which must be lignified up to the top. While the height has a relative importance, in the sense that often very long stumps are not very lignified due to the excess of fertilizer with which they are grown, the excess of water or the winter cold, attention must be paid to the presence of badges of mealybugs. As for the diameter above the graft, it must not be much less than the diameter below the graft itself: if it were, it would mean that the plant is affected by some pathology. As much attention must be given to the root system, which must not present tumors and must be highly developed.
Buy plants: Ask the nurseryman for advice
Finally, on the plant there must be a tag indicating the name of the variety, the year of production, the name of the rootstock, the name of the body that performed the virus exemption certification and the certification itself. In conclusion, it will be advisable to ask the nurseryman for advice on the plant variety (orange, apricot, pear, peach, etc.), depending on the type of treatments against the parasites it needs and the rootstock. Once purchased and moved, the plant could suffer a small trauma due to the transfer, losing a bit of leaves: it is a simple acclimatization period that must not cause excessive concern to the buyer, as it is destined to disappear within short time.