You can choose, for the cultivation, among the innumerable varieties of this vegetable, in fact we find some all Italian: the Gennarese, which is grown in the Campania region, particularly in the Neapolitan area. The Gennaro is considered late medium. Then we have the Palla Bianca, rather precocious and finally the Precoce di Toscana.
Are you going to grow it?
Then follow our guide and you will know one more of the ... farmer! These vegetables, in fact, if placed in a suitable environment allow to have a good harvest and to obtain healthy and tasty vegetables.
Climate and terrain
First of all, for good cultivation, cauliflower is a type of vegetable that prefers to live in a cool, if not cold, climate. In certain mountain areas above a thousand meters of altitude, you could cross some of the richest cauliflower crops! Nevertheless, the differentiation of existing varieties means that this delicious vegetable can be grown in most regions of our peninsula. So rest assured ... you won't have to water it with gloves and coat!
In fact, generally, in the South the cauliflowers grow well without too many hitches. In the northern regions it is instead indispensable to prefer two varieties at the antipodes: the early ones, or the late ones.
It could become your favorite vegetable. It has a healthy predilection for the medium-impasto type of soil, very deep and rich in nutrients. Take care not to grow it in soils with excessively acid pH, as this factor could seriously hinder its development. Why? Because cauliflowers are adverse to acid soils because they make the plant more susceptible to attack by pests and fungi. Don't you want to eat them too? Equip yourself with pH meters, available in the most common garden shops, and make a preliminary analysis of the soil on which you intend to plant them.
Consider also that the soil must also have a correct amount of boron, otherwise your plant may have serious difficulties in flowering. Understood everything? Okay!
Arm yourself with spade, shovel and hoe and give us the soil! Yes, because cauliflower develops a very strong root system that digs deep in search of all nutrients and, above all, water. It is known that this vegetable is highly sensitive to dryness.
If you are not discouraged yet, you are truly passionate!
Cauliflower is a plant that is robust, but also picky, a bit difficult, with particular tastes ... you will have to take great care and patience to see it grow healthy, lush and appetizing!
The land that will host it will necessarily have to be fertile and rich in organic substance that has matured a lot, but really a lot! And you will need it in truly industrial quantities. In fact, keep in mind that you will need to fertilize the soil with compost or manure (remember: very ripe!) In quantities that are around 350-380 kilograms per 10 square meters of crop!
In short, we must equip you really well.
Are you still on the track? Really?
Good, because here comes the good news: there are no particular cultivation treatments that you will have to face later. Only simple, abundant watering!
Choose your seeds well. Although cauliflower seeds have the property of being able to germinate even after five years, it is always good to get seeds that are at most two or three years old.
Once the seed has been planted, it will be necessary to wait 7-8 days before seeing the seedling sprouting from the ground. Are you going to sit on the ground and watch? Certainly not, also because you must continue to sow. You can do it from January to September. You got it right. From January to September! Yes, because every variety and every area in which you decide to cultivate it will change the sowing period! Read the instructions carefully before proceeding!
Once you have sown your field, cover the planting area with soil using a rake. Then give yourself a nice watering. After 75 days you can already begin to see the first fruits.
Easy, isn't it?
Cauliflowers are hardy, old-fashioned vegetables. They can grow healthy and vigorous everywhere. However, you must pay close attention to the attack of parasites as well as to the possible, indeed probable, contraction of cryptogamic diseases. Among the cryptogamic diseases we can mention the hernia (well yes, they too can suffer from hernia!), White rust (cruciferous disease), desiccation of leaves or blight.
Among the pests, however, we recall that the cauliflower is particularly sensitive to the attack of the ground flea, the cavolaia (a name, a program) and the infamous "cabbage fly".
In particular, the cabbage butterfly is a type of butterfly that secretes its larvae right on the leaves of your cauliflower with the effect of eroding them until the plant rots. A nice nuisance!
The infamous "cabbage fly" (fly cabbage!) Is greedy of roots, with effects you can imagine!