Tulips are very common because their cultivation does not require much care, they can also be grown both on the ground and in pots and for most varieties it is possible to treat the flowers as wild by planting them on the ground without moving them for several years.The plant can therefore be left to stay in the ground or in pots during all seasons but requires active care only during the growing season, therefore it can be considered a seasonal plant: at the end of the summer season it can be left on the ground or unearth the bulb, do it dry and store it in the dark and away to keep it for the next season.The climatic conditions and the terrain
This kind of bulbous flowers need a fresh and loose soil in depth, they also need a fair amount of water but the soil must be well drained and soft to prevent the water of the watering and rain from stagnating by placing the bulbs at risk of exposure to fungi that would significantly affect growth.
When preparing the soil for the Tulips an abundant dose of universal soil must be added to the garden soil, a small amount of sand that will make the soil softer and improve its draining capacity and finally a fair amount of manure or mature manure that enriches the soil with mineral salts that will make the plant more luxuriant and its colors more intense.
Tulip bulbs should be planted in general in September or October, they should be placed at a depth that protects them from both excessive heat and winter frost, therefore it is advisable to bury them at a depth that is about twice the depth of size of the bulb diameter.
In addition to the fertilizer added to the soil during preparation, it is necessary to supply liquid fertilizer diluted in the water of the watering both at the end of winter when the vegetative growth is in progress and after flowering when the soil is particularly impoverished.
The tulips do not need abundant watering, it is sufficient to wet the soil when it is visibly dry and only in the vegetative period of the plant, when the buds, leaves or flowers are visible.
Tulip flowers: Tulip propagation
When the tulips are left to lodge over the years in the same soil, they tend to develop small secondary bulbs next to the original bulb, which over time can give life to new flowers.
In order to prevent the tulips from becoming a home to become overcrowded after at least five years, it is advisable to unearth them during the autumn season.
At this point it is advisable to divide the bulbs by type and condition:
- Large bulbs that produce luxuriant flowers for the best and most visible flower beds are put aside
- The damaged bulbs are eliminated
- The small bulbs that must be destined to a flowerbed are set aside: since they are small they will not flower but will produce the plant and in the following season the bulb will swell to reach maturation in subsequent years.
If this selection and propagation operation is not carried out and the bulbs are not moved, the flower bed becomes impoverished over time and is filled with new bulbs that remove the nourishment from each other, thus developing only stems and leaves without having the right space and useful substances to produce beautiful colorful flowers.
Propagation could also be achieved by sowing, but in general the bulbs that are purchased from nurseries are hybrids and therefore do not produce fertile seeds capable of giving life to new tulip plants.