The oregano is a very well-known plant, perennial and of bushy character, it belongs, like the marjoram, to the family of the Lamiaceae once called Labiate.
There are different types of oregano but the most used and known is called Origanum Vulgare and grows spontaneously in the high areas of the mountains (it can grow up to 2000 meters high) even if, with the passage of time, it became naturalized throughout the Mediterranean basin .
The use of oregano has very ancient origins, it is said that the Egyptians, the Greeks and the Romans used this plant, as well as for its great healing properties, also to make crowns to offer to brides as a wish of luck, peace and prosperity.
Oregano owes its name to the union of two Greek words "oros" which means mountain and "ganos" which means splendor, so in practice the word oregano means mountain splendor.
This plant has a stem about 80 cm high, is mainly branched upwards and has green, oval and pointed leaves, its flowers are harvested in clusters and have a pink / purple color although there are some varieties that have white flowers. The root of the oregano is very dark, almost black, while the fruit is dark purple. This plant grows mainly in sunny places and does not like to be watered often, it can grow even in arid and rich in limestone soils, the flowers ripen between July and September while the seeds are produced between August and October.
Oregano is used as a natural remedy to combat many ailments, only the oregano flower and leaves that are harvested at the beginning of flowering and are dried are used.
Oregano is considered a plant with multiple therapeutic properties due to the presence of phenols and mainly to the presence of thymol and cavarcloro, it also contains tannin, caffeic acid, rosmarinic and flavonic compounds. All these components are found mainly in the flowers placed on the top of the plant and, to be exploited at best, they must be collected during the moment of greatest flowering.
Given the composition of oregano, this plant is believed to have antispasmodic, antiseptic, pain-relieving, tonic, emmenagogue, antiparasitic and expectorant properties.
Oregano is mainly used as a digestive and against intestinal fermentation, while the essential oil of this plant is used as an expectorant in case of tracheitis due to smoking and in case of pertussis.
Oregano is also used to calm vomit and to stimulate the nervous system.
Recent studies conducted by German and Swiss researchers have shown that oregano also contains beta-caryophyllene, a substance capable of treating inflammation.
Essential oil of oregano
A very important essential oil is obtained from the leaves of the oregano plant: the essential oil of oregano.
This oil, according to American researchers, fights infections in the same way as antibiotics and is very effective against intestinal parasites and against the fungus Candida Albicans.
It manages to calm cough attacks effectively and helps eliminate phlegm.
The oil of oregano is also used for massages designed to eliminate cellulite.
This particular essential oil can be irritating to the skin and mucous membranes so it is always advisable to use it after a medical prescription.
The oregano officinal plant is widely used in herbal medicine, of the whole plant is mainly used flowers that are taken in the form of mother tincture or infusion.
To prepare an infusion of oregano it is necessary to infuse, for a maximum of 18 minutes, 2 grams of oregano in 100 grams of boiling water (remember to cover the cup after pouring the oregano), so you get 2 cups of infusion from being able to take against cough and diarrhea.
Oregano is also found in powder and is used to relieve headaches.
To treat tooth decay and caries you can use a drop of essential oil of oregano to apply, with a small swab, on the aching tooth while to cure stiff neck and rheumatic pains you can heat, on the fire, the fresh or dry leaves of oregano, put them in a cloth bag and apply them on the painful part. If you use heated oregano leaves and wrap them around your head you can also cure colds by inhaling the vapors of the infusions you can moisten the nasal mucous membranes.
At the moment there are no particular contraindications to the use of the oregano plant (pay attention only to the essential oil) therefore it is possible to use it also in pregnancy, during lactation and in the presence of particular pathologies.