Bonsai ficus retusa
For those who love bonsai it will certainly be useful to have some more information on the wonderful ficus retusa plant. The ficus retusa belongs to the family of the moraceae and the genus, obviously, of ficus.
The genus has many varieties, about nine hundred, very different from each other. We even find evergreens or creepers. But all the plants of this genus have in common a singular characteristic: when the stem or branch is cut, a clear latex with a particular odor is distilled.
In the art of bonsai, the species of ficus retusa many are used. Enthusiasts will certainly be happy with this news. Yes, because they will be able to choose the one that suits them best, which best suits their tastes, their needs, and why not to their own furniture!
We will list below the species of ficus most used in bonsai art to give a succinct overview.
The ficus wrightiana, particularly robust, has the peculiarity of showing beautiful deep red leaves in the youngest stage of growth, while of bright green in the period of full maturation
The ficus philippinensis has long narrow leaves and is a good root system that facilitates its cultivation.
The ficus caprificus, has very strong roots that allow its survival in hostile environments. Some specimens have survived for over five hundred years.
WE GROW FICUS RETUSA
If you plan to try your hand at cultivating and caring for this beautiful bonsai plant, then you need to have some knowledge of the main techniques to work with. If you commit yourself with care and perseverance, the results will certainly be wonderful. You will feel satisfied and gratified by your skill!
Know first that the plant of ficus retusa of propagates by offshoot, cutting and seed.
Propagate propagation is definitely recommended for this plant, since it is easy to find propagation material from plants of the tropical ficus genus. The best time to carry out propagation by offshoot is during the spring season.
Seed propagation is particularly difficult due to the size of the seed itself. It needs special and complex care that requires time and effort. In short, it is not recommended!
Propagate from cuttings is, let's say, complex but not impossible. It is best to carry out this operation in the July period under normal conditions, otherwise in August. The cuttings must be very woody and above all it is very important to wash them carefully to ensure that they take root well and root.
Once you have chosen how to make your ficus retusa plant propagate, you need to consider other factors of fundamental importance, such as exposure: light, ventilation and temperature will have to be carefully evaluated:
Light: shade your plants with sheets, especially in summer. They need a lot of light but they must not be exposed to direct sunlight.
Temperature: pay close attention to the temperature factor. Ficus plants are known to come from hot, dry climates. Good exposure to mild temperatures will promote growth. Therefore, always keep them between 15 and 20 degrees centigrade, carefully avoiding letting them fall below zero!
Ventilation: many tropical species of ficus do not stand up well to ventilated areas, on the contrary it is good to avoid excessive exposure to windy phenomena. Protect it with windbreaks or simply with hedge fences if grown outdoors!
This type of plant is known to grow in hot and dry climates, so it goes without saying that it does not need abundant watering, especially during the winter period. The best solution in this sense is to operate a constant but never excessive watering throughout the growing period.
Don't forget to spray your ficus bonsai. Keeping its leaves moist and warm will be a cure-all because its origin is precisely that: warm and humid climates ... you will make it feel a little more at home!
Among the parasites that most frequently literally assault the ficus retusa plant we find the Nematodes, the Thrips and the Cochineals. Real enemies of your plant.
If you notice on the leaves of the ficus bonsai greyish spots that tend to dry up, and then you notice that the leaves tend to fall, then we have run into the thrips. The fall of the leaves naturally weakens the plant, so it is good to immediately run for cover.
If you raise the leaves attacked by the disease you might notice some unpleasant black insects, of variable length but that generally is around the millimeter and a half. Well, those unwanted guests are the much-feared Cochineals. It is good to immediately provide for the bonsai to be cleaned up before it is too late.
Anthracose, heating and gray mold are the cryptogamic diseases that are most commonly contracted by ficus bonsai.
The anthracosis is recognized by the presence of yellow spots with small black dots on the foliage. In this case take care of the plant keeping it moist and buy some synthetic fungicides that will surely help you.
Anthracosis, heating and gray mold are diseases that cause the loss of foliage with consequent weakening of the plant.
Take care of your bonsai and keep away all its worst enemies!