Building a garden
The hobby of gardening is the most widespread in the world because it relaxes and gives many satisfactions while requiring a lot and constant effort.
Building your own garden, or even just a small green corner, will allow you to customize it according to your tastes, choosing plants, flowers and furnishing accessories and making you feel artists and creators of a unique work that will evolve over time . The work could take even a few years, as the plants must grow and flourish and therefore a lot of patience and dedication must be taken into account.
The first thing to do is to think about the type of garden we want to create, also visualizing what we want to be the final result. There are many types of gardens that you can create: Italian gardens, Zen gardens, English gardens, rock gardens, flower gardens, evergreen gardens, but also a mixture of all this to your own creativity and imagination.
We will always consider the climate and the characteristics of the territory in order not to miss the choice of trees and plants and also the time at your disposal.
The relationship and harmony between garden and home will also be taken into consideration to create a homogeneous environment, without too many contrasts, bearing in mind the colors, the height of the plants in relation to the shape and structure of the house, based on the era of construction, materials. Useful for being able to 'live' the garden will be to insert paths to be able to walk along it and benches to be able to observe it from the inside.
Environment, climate and topography
The decisive factors for creating a garden are certainly the climatic ones, those concerning the shape of your space and the local vegetation, indispensable for choosing the structure and composition that you will want to create.
It will be fundamental to observe the course of the land: if irregular, steep, straight and totally regular. We cannot think of creating contrasts or forcing if the topography does not allow it. It would be absurd to want to create irregularities or terraces on a totally flat surface and the opposite as well. If the terrain is steep, steep and uneven, terraces will be built, but if the terrain has bumps or steep slopes, these characteristics will be camouflaged by planting plants of different heights with respect to the hollow of the ground to make it so uniform and at the same height visual.
The structure of the territory will also influence the climate and therefore the choice of the plants to be planted: the proximity to the sea or to the lakes will mitigate the winter cold; if there are mountains or hills around, the garden will be protected from the winds, while in the city the temperatures will be higher and therefore the garden will be less subject to frost.
Features and style of the garden
Each garden is different from the other and it is you who gives it life and shape: the first thing to do is to measure the land at your disposal to be able to adapt your project or idea. If the garden is small, try to maintain a single style so as not to give the shok effect and try to plant the plants along the perimeter and not in the center, just to give it more breathing space. If, on the other hand, the garden is very large, you can decide based on the time you have to devote to its care and then define the area that you will be able to prune and arrange, leaving the remaining part with a simple turf.
It will also be fundamental to have in mind if, what and how many pieces of furniture you want to install: benches, fireplaces, statues and fountains must have a correct location and must not be placed at random.
The style of the garden should also be studied according to the territory in which you are located and the type of adjacent house: architectural elements, the style and the era of the house should not deviate too much from the stylistic choice of your garden unless you only see it you because inside the house or bounded by very high walls and hedges.
In the countryside it will be ideal to observe the colors of the houses around, the outdoor furniture and the type of vegetation present, so as not to exceed with too bold and colorful choices that would create a clear break between the surrounding territory and your garden.
After observing all these features you can think about where to place plants and flowers that will never be randomly placed but based on their needs for sun exposure, drainage and the type of soil they need.
Build a garden: needs and cohabitation
Everyone will have different needs regarding the creation of their own garden: there will be those who want to make their children run around and therefore will need a lot of grass or those who just want to contemplate the beauty and color of the flowers present or those who want to organize barbecues with many friends.
Another aspect to consider is the time available to take care of your green space: you have to leave aside the initial enthusiasm, and with a lot of practicality choose plants suitable for the climate, land and exposure, just to not have to go crazy for the maintenance.
It will be necessary to understand who the visitors of this garden will be in order to choose the appropriate characteristics: if there will be disabled people or elderly people, it will be necessary to create rest points and lanes that can be traveled without too much effort. If there are children the obstacles will have to be minimal and if you have animals maybe the most delicate plants will not be the ones suitable to plant and maybe you will need to create fenced flower beds.