Borders for flower beds

What are borders for flower beds

When we talk about borders for flower beds we refer to plantations of flowers or small shrubs whose main purpose is to decorate and trim the perimeter of one or more areas of a garden. These are thinly shaped plantations whose development proceeds in length around fountains, pools and flowerbeds, but in general around any reality that is intended to delimit or highlight. Distinguished by a common base structure, they can be interspersed with concrete statues, fake columns, dry stone walls or street lamps for lighting.

The different types of borders

Specifically, the Italian-style borders are made in a classical manner, they are wide and low enough to be able to underline the line of the drawing: in general, they involve the combination of no more than three different species of flowers or leaves. On the other hand, the medium cushioned borders reach a height of thirty centimeters, and generally see the use of petunia, iberide, plumage, nemesia, gazania, carnation, arabida, calendula, saxifraga and nasturtium. Quite different are the dwarf padded borders, which as the name suggests do not exceed fifteen centimeters in height. Made, in turn, with foliage or small flowering plants of different colors, they must be maintained by constant pruning, in order to respect the reduced dimensions, taking into account, moreover, that some specimens could prevaricate over the others. For this type of borders for flower beds, it is advisable to resort to species such as begonietta, lily of the valley, alisso, aubrezia, dwarf marigold, wild thyme, silene, marguerite, pansies, zinnia nana, lobelia and agerato. On the other hand, the square rectangular edgings are more squared, obtained with shrubs and flowers whose postamento is quite slender. The plants, in this case, are specially planted in an irregular manner, so that the terminal part appears, with respect to the underlying portion, decidedly less compact. What plants are used? Korean chrysanthemum, rudbechia, campanula, cariospide, splendid sage, lion's mouth, marigold, enjoyia, gaillardia, lantana, achillea, coleo, geraneo, perilla, dalietta dwarf, dwarf astro and pink poliantha. The borders with high rectangular profile, on the other hand, resort to species such as dahlia, delphinio, lupine, perennial sunflower, bush rose, aquilegia, iris, solidago and margherita: species characterized by corollas supported by rather slender stems are used. together they give life to an uneven mass. Very particular are the borders with high triangular profile, which use japonica anemone, altea, tritoma, giant lion's mouth, salicaria, pyramidal bellflower, astilbe, celosia. These are plants and flowers with abundant vegetation in the lower part, so as to create a triangular shape, with the base in the lower part, and to make a single vertex or a single plant as a high vertex. The last type of borders for flowerbeds is the border with a high scaled profile, which is appreciated for its particularly pleasant aesthetic impact. Often used at the beginning of a path as a special welcome, or on the vertexes of a square flowerbed to make room for plants inside, it requires a very accurate planting, keeping the specimens not far from each other. Considering that over time a height progression must arise, the species to be used are those indicated respectively for high, medium and dwarf borders.

How to make color combinations

A very important aspect, however, is that which concerns the combinations of colors: in order to achieve a homogeneous and harmoniously introduced border in the context, it is preferable to respect some combinations. Okay, then, to combine lilac and rose; purple and yellow; blue and bright red; yellow, red and blue; orange and blue; orange and light blue. The white, on the other hand, matches any shade. According to these aesthetic standards, on the other hand, it would be better to avoid combinations of green, white and red, because the reference to the Italian flag, if not necessary, could seem cloying. It should also be borne in mind that purple has the intrinsic peculiarity of stealing the brightness, in some way making the chromatic tones of the other flowers go pale. A border with only one color, perhaps, may be advisable in order not to risk unpleasant combinations. It is clear that, of course, an important role is also played by experience. It is good to keep in mind, in any case, that often a multicolored border is embellished with green leaves, which serve to harmonize and balance different shades, dampening those that are excessively strong and enlivening the less bright ones.

Planting, fertilization and density

In conclusion, it should be pointed out that the planting of borders for flower beds can be carried out with a hoe, taking care to remove old roots and stones, and providing for fertilizing the soil with powder fertilizer. Clearly, the planting must be particularly dense, to avoid the appearance of holes, which would be decidedly unpleasant from an aesthetic point of view.