Choose the ideal plants for garden construction
The construction of gardens cannot fail to start with the choice of the plants that will compose it. It is clear that the economic factor represents the starting point for any design, in the sense that any green space, regardless of its actual size, requires an economic outlay. It will be useful, therefore, to make a preventive calculation of the expenses, in such a way as not to exaggerate with the costs and avoid leaving unfinished jobs. It is also true, on the other hand, that a garden rich in plants and lush does not only have an aesthetic function, but also contributes to increasing the economic value of the house. On the other hand, in the case of economic demands that seem excessive, nothing forbids the construction of the garden in a progressive way, going to choose trees and hedges that take time to grow, and species of faster formation, as well as less expensive, like bulbous plants , annual plants, shrubs and perennials. Definitely important, then, the dimensions of the available surface are taken into consideration, on which the choice of the plant itself depends: in short, to opt for a beech tree eight meters high in a very small garden certainly cannot be considered a winning choice .
Consider the dimensions
In the presence of restricted spaces it will be preferable to leave the center of the lawn free, so as to increase the feeling of depth, "confining" the plants in a peripheral space, so that they do not take up too much space. An area that is not very large, in fact, if overfilled it can give a feeling of suffocation: if we really cannot do without a plant, however, we can place it exactly in the center, as if it were a focal point around which to place the other elements. The decision to resort to climbing plants, such as wisteria or ivy, which develops upwards does not extend horizontally and therefore leave the land free will be equally successful. While in a small area it is better to focus on a single style, avoiding overly diversifying the plants, a very large garden will require different styles, appropriately delimited in the area: they will be used to liven it up. The style, in this regard, can vary according to personal tastes: for example, you can create a garden starting from a single color to be developed in all its forms, or make even more drastic choices: from the rock garden to the garden 'English, from the Zen garden to the Italian garden, the opportunities available are practically endless. It should be noted, moreover, that the construction of gardens is not solely concerned with the use of plant species: in a sufficiently large green space, in fact, a small waterfall might be present, or alternatively a stream, possibly limited by borders made with flowers or very low hedges. Furthermore, the use of boulders and stones to be placed here and there to diversify the environment could represent a particular solution: stones taken, possibly, from the banks of a river.
Exposure and climatic conditions
More practical factors to be reckoned with are sun exposure of the land, the type of substrate and the climatic conditions of the area. With regard to exposure, it would be preferable to avoid building gardens exposed to the east, which would be affected by the sun from the early morning but only until the early hours of the afternoon, with the result that as early as the middle of the afternoon they would be too cold and victims of exaggerated temperature changes. The most suitable solution, on the other hand, consists in having a ground facing south or south-west, possibly providing some shelters for the hottest summer days, when the sun at high risk of burning the plants. Exposure to the north is not particularly advantageous, nor particularly disadvantageous, which leads to rather slow passages from hot to cold and from cold to heat, and therefore not very harmful to plant species. Regarding the climate, instead, it is necessary to carefully evaluate not only the temperatures (which represent the least of the problems, in the sense that in winter the plants cultivated in pots can be hospitalized at home without problems), but above all the abundance of precipitation and the presence of wind. To protect the garden from gusts it could be useful to grow hedges rather high, which represent an obstacle to the wind; it is not advisable, instead, to try to achieve the same goal with the erection of a wall, which would entail the side effect of causing micro-turbulence with unpleasant consequences on the micro-climate that characterizes the green space.
Construction of gardens: Water outlets and electrical outlets
Finally, when designing garden constructions, we must not forget to refer to more practical aspects: for example, the placement of electrical outlets in case we intend to build a (small or large) lighting system; but above all the positioning of the water intakes, essential to proceed with the creation of an automatic irrigation system, which will represent, if connected to a tap and a timer, a valid aid for all those times in which we will not have time to wet the lawn and plants.