To create a garden it is necessary to take into consideration some presuppositions both of a logistical nature and of plant ecosystems, which are:
- extension of the area
- weather conditions
- type of sunshine
- coexistence between plant species
- types of land
- presence of any containers and their type
- presence of bodies of water
- possible limiting factors (for example: pollution)
There are various garden models from which one can take inspiration, and precisely
* Classic garden
It is inspired by an extreme rigor, characterized by wide expanses of green grass; with ornamental areas formed by vases or jars set up with great order; often enriched by hedges cut according to geometric patterns or by ponds.
It has an aspect that can be artificial.
* Mediterranean garden
It is characterized by a housing of plants belonging to the Mediterranean maquis, that is to say varieties well adaptable to the climatic conditions of often arid heat.
They are shrubby, evergreen, with leaves of reduced dimensions, often needle-like, of leathery consistency, sometimes scleriform.
* Rustic Garden
It is generally set up using rural species, often native, and the aim is to recreate a country environment where the various species are in balance with each other.
It looks unattractive
* Rock garden
It is set up by alternating rocks, stones and vegetables, with the aim of creating a garden inspired by nature, where plants are often housed on terraced areas arranged between the rocks.
It requires certain conditions to obtain an optimal result: the soil must be slightly sloping, the rocks must not be porous and the varieties must belong to the rustic flora.
* Japanese Garden
It is the Zen garden, inspired by the culture of Japan, and consists of three elements: water, stones and plants, arranged according to a traditional logic that allegorically represents the journey of man towards eternity.
Its purpose is to inspire spiritual contemplation, even according to Buddhist principles.
Depending on the type of garden you intend to set up, you can use different plants, ie
- arboreal plants
- shrubby plants
- climbing plants
- evergreen plants
- herbaceous plants
- flowering plants
- fat plants
- aquatic plants
- Mediterranean plants
It is a deciduous, deciduous, ornamental tree, with a slender and erect stem, up to 30 meters high, covered with a smooth and thin bark, gray to brown.
The foliage is extended and rounded.
The leaves have palmate shape, crossed by evident veins, of a light green color.
The flowers are gathered in round inflorescences; the male ones are yellowish, the feminine ones are reddish in color.
The fruits appear as round curls, with many seeds.
It requires a deep, well-drained, calcareous and never clayey soil.
It is a plant that is very resistant to climatic variations and also tolerates atmospheric pollution well.
It should preferably be exposed in bright and sunny areas.
It is a shrubby, evergreen, flowery and ornamental plant.
It has a woody stem, up to 15 meters high, with very delicate bipinnate leaves and a dark green color, which have the tendency to close on themselves when the external conditions are adverse.
The flowers, small and very fragrant, are gathered in flower-shaped inflorescences, of soft and feathery appearance, similar to cotton balls, with a characteristic golden yellow color.
The flowering is early, but of short duration: from January to March.
It requires a deep, well-drained soil with an acid component; it must be housed in sunny areas of the garden, with temperatures never below 15 degrees.
We must fertilize at least 2 times a year with liquid or slow-release fertilizers.
It is a flowering plant, with a rigid stem covered with thorns, ornamental.
The leaves are gathered in groups of 3 or 5 on a thorny twig, with opposite insertion, of dark green color.
The flowers have corollas with fleshy petals, well defined and separated, of rounded shape, with a continuous margin, of bright color in the shades of: white, yellow, pink, red; extremely fragrant.
Flowering lasts throughout spring, reaching its peak in May.
It requires soft, well-drained and fertile soils for the addition of peat and humus.
It must be housed in sunny areas of the garden, regularly watered and fertilized at least every 2 months with specific fertilizers for flowering plants.
Garden design: FAT PLANTS
It is a succulent, herbaceous, flowery, ornamental plant
It has a succulent stem, 15 to 30 cm tall. of an intense green color, with fleshy leaves, rounded, shiny, bright green and edible for humans.
The flowers have white, pink or red colors, the male ones are more showy and showy, while the female ones are insignificant.
The fruits are small triangular capsules of leathery consistency.
It requires soft, well-drained soils rich in organic material.
It must be exposed in sunny areas of the garden, but not in direct sunlight.