Gardens to be built

Gardens to be built

There are different types of gardens, each of which is characterized by varieties of plants dependent on both landscape and climatic conditions.
In any case, before making different types of gardens, it is essential to take into consideration some parameters:
- extension of the area to be cultivated
- exposure
- weather conditions
- sunshine
- types of land
- coexistence between plants
- any limiting factors
The vegetable varieties that can be used are:
- arboreal plants
- shrubby and bushy plants
- herbaceous plants
- flowering plants
- climbing plants
- evergreen plants
- fat plants
- aquatic plants
- plants of the Mediterranean maquis

Classic garden

It is an extremely neat and easy to make garden, with large areas of lawn, with ornamental flower beds arranged according to very rigid aesthetic standards and with hedges that are often geometrically cut, whose main purpose is the ornamental one.
It is an ornamental tree, with a thick crown and a rounded shape, with a slender and columnar trunk, up to 25-30 meters high.
The leaves are heart-shaped, with a serrated edge, of an intense green color, with alternate insertion.
The flowers are small, inconspicuous, but very fragrant whitish inflorescences.
The fruits are small capsules rich in seeds.
It must be exposed in full light, in fertile, well-drained, deep soils, enriched with peat, humus and clay.
It bears pollution and is well adaptable.
It is a herbaceous flowering plant, consisting of a slender stem, up to 1 m tall, dark green, with lance-shaped leaves with alternate insertion.
The flower has a corolla with very distinct petals of fleshy consistency, the shape is rounded or pointed depending on the variety.
It has various colors: white, yellow, pink, red and purple. It gives off a very pleasant scent. It requires a well-drained and fertile soil, preferably with a basic and never clayey component. It must be exposed in sunny and warm areas, because it fears the cold.

Rock garden

It is a garden in which the plants are alternated with non-porous rocks and river stones, often rich in moss.
The placement of the stones must be done in descending order to create terraces where plants can be housed; often branches and tree trunks are added for ornamental purposes.
The rocks prevent landslides and landslides and do not allow heat to escape, acting as thermal regulators.
It is a perennial shrubby plant, of rustic variety, which has stems with bushy growth, very branched, up to a meter high.
The leaves are needle-like, small and verticillate, green or rust yellow.
The flowers are gathered in spiked or raceme inflorescences, white or bright red.
Flowering occurs when the temperature is between seven and fifteen degrees.
It is a very adaptable plant, used to create ornamental color spots.
It is an evergreen or semi evergreen herbaceous plant depending on the variety.
It presents an underground rhizome from which a herbaceous stem starts, up to a meter high, with leaves with full pennate or bipinnate lamina, slender, arched or hanging, of a bright green color.
The plant forms thick tufts that prefer the shady and humid areas of the garden, with a mild climate (minimum temperature of ten degrees).
It requires frequent spraying and fertilization to be carried out at least once a month.

Zen garden

It consists of the alternation of three elements: stones, water, and plants.
Their arrangement allegorically represents man's journey towards eternity, facilitating spiritual contemplation, also in relation to the inspiring principles of Buddhism.
It is an ornamental evergreen shrub up to twenty meters high, which can live both on the ground and potted.
It has rhizomatous roots from which robust and flexible cylindrical stems are born, with very thin lanceolate leaves of bright green color.
It requires a deep, well-drained soil, enriched with peat, sand and shredded pine bark.
It prefers well-lit areas of the garden but not direct sunlight.
It is necessary to water frequently especially in the warm months, alternating with nebulisations on the foliage.
It is advisable to fertilize at least once a month with liquid fertilizer low in nitrogen.