What distinguishes a tree from a shrub is its size and growth habit. A tree can reach and exceed 5 meters in height and has a single trunk that branches out. While a shrub is much smaller and is made up of numerous small stems that branch off from the base.In gardens, ornamental trees can be arranged in many ways. Rows of Poplars or Cypresses, can delimit and protect the borders. But often they can find themselves isolated, such as the Red Maple, in particular corners of the garden for the creation of shaded areas or in small spots and thickets, with delicious combinations of different species. In addition to ornamental trees, in the gardens we often find fruit trees: citrus, apple, pear, mulberry, pistachio, cherry.There are also many shrubs. Evergreen or deciduous, they can find themselves isolated and appreciated for their copious blooms such as the different species of Ginestre, or the Biancospino. They can be used to create green areas, such as varieties of tamarisk or myrtle. In addition, shrubs are often used for high or low hedges. In general we prefer evergreen species used alone or alternating with others to create particular chromatic and aesthetic effects.Climbers
A particular type of plants used with some frequency in the gardens are the climbers. The characteristic of climbing plants is precisely that of growing up climbing walls, trellises, trellises, stairs and railings. In addition to embellishing specific architectural elements, such as walls and gazebos, with their abundant blooms, they are also appreciated for their ability to cover the pergolas, where they create real green ceilings under which, during the hot season, cool and shade are insured.
Among the most widespread creepers we find, the Wisteria, with its vigorous spring flowering, the different species of Bougainvillea and the Jasmine. Next to these and other species, appreciated for the production of flowers, we recall the American and Canadian Lives, and the different types of Ivy, capable of ensuring consistent green masses.
There is no self-respecting garden that does not have a certain number of flowering plants in it. These can be used in combination with each other in artfully arranged flower corners, or for creating borders or flower beds.
Another frequent use of flowering species is the creation of flowering hedges with species that lend themselves to this type of farming, such as roses, azaleas, oleanders, hydrangeas, camellias, etc.
The number of permanent and herbaceous species that can be used for the production of flowers is really immense, especially if all the hybrids selected and currently on the market are added to those existing in nature. Each green lawn, with precise environmental and climatic characteristics, every particular corner within the same garden, can host flowering trees in winter or spring bloom.
Bulbous plants are a particular type of flowering trees. Generally permanent, their characteristic is to be born from bulbs that emit, in the favorable season, roots, leaves and stems of flowers from the apical bud. Used for the creation of flower beds, flower spots or borders, they can be planted both in parallel and geometric rows and in fanciful and disordered combinations. Crocuses, hyacinths, lilies, daffodils, freesias, calla lilies, dahlias and Gladioli, with their colorful blooms represent, in a garden, little corners of paradise on earth. Furthermore, once faded, the new bulbs can be left in the ground or extracted, as in the case of Tulips and Hyacinths. The extracted, cleaned, dried and preserved bulbs will ensure the flowered productions for the following seasons.
Fat and aromatic plants
A particular type of plants, preferred, above all, in environments with dry and hot climates, are the succulent plants. Equipped with organs capable of retaining large amounts of water, frugal in relation to the soil's nutrient requirements, characterized by imaginative and extraordinary forms, they can rightly be considered generous garden jewels. Isolated, as often for the Cactaceae, or in combination of different species, they are able to give an exotic and fascinating touch to inaccessible or impassable areas of the lawn for other types of plants.
Among the aromatic plants, equally frugal, but appreciable for the production of greenery and flowers, many are those that can be combined with more demanding species. Sage, Rosemary, Lavender, bred in isolation or used for making borders, can very well contribute to creating that natural harmony that an original gardening always tries to achieve.