Pink, juicy, crispy radish – most favorite spring vegetablewhich is so good in fresh salads and okroshka!
One of its advantages is the possibility and simplicity of growing in a greenhouse throughout the year.
The main thing - choose the right variety and greenhouse.
Why in a greenhouse?
Radish is one of the most beloved root crops among our compatriots, and this is understandable. What okroshka without fresh radishes ?! Opportunity grow all year round vitamins in the garden only the greenhouse gives... Moreover, it is also an opportunity to make money. In winter, a fresh vegetable, grown not by an industrial producer, but by a caring gardener, will be snapped up.
In winter, especially in the middle and northern parts of our country, grow radishes under a film will not work, so it is better to stop at a polycarbonate greenhouse. Growing radish in a polycarbonate greenhouse has several advantages:
- well protects against adverse weather conditions (wind, precipitation);
- can be equipped with artificial lighting;
- in it easier to install the irrigation system and heating;
- there are special vents for ventilation.
Growing radishes in a greenhouse in winter, in southern regions, where freezing temperatures are infrequent, bioheating can be used (rotted manure, preferably horse manure) or biofuel.
In the middle lane and in the northern regions, technical heating is more suitable - solid fuel or electric boiler, with the help of which water will be heated in pipes that form a circuit throughout the greenhouse.
How to grow radishes in a greenhouse? For growing radishes in a greenhouse in spring and winter for sale, the cassette method or on shelves in containers is used. In this case, the heating circuit will be constantly keep the right temperature soil.
How to grow radishes in a greenhouse in winter? For year-round cultivation more early ripening and early varieties are suitable radishes for greenhouses. Although more noteworthy is the combination of varieties of different ripening rates.
- An early ripening variety will yield a harvest in 20 days;
- An early variety will ripen in 30 days;
- Mid-season can be harvested after 40 days;
- Late varieties have a planting and ripening time of more than 40 days.
If you plant a radish with different ripening times, you can have a harvest all the time.
Early ripening varieties greenhouse radish recommended by experts:
- «Ultra early red»Can be eaten within 20 days after sowing. It is a beautiful round red root vegetable weighing up to 15 g with excellent taste. By the way, its leaves are used in salads and soups.
- «Child F1"When to plant radishes in the greenhouse of this variety? According to the manufacturer, radishes will appear on your table as early as 16 days after planting. Juicy low-sharp variety.
- «18 days"- the radish of this variety really ripens within the period indicated in the name. It has an elongated cylindrical shape and a soft, not pungent taste. The pulp is juicy and tender.
- «Firstborn F1"Will delight with the harvest on 16-18 days. Differs in high yield and resistance to fruit cracking. Radish yield from 1 sq. M in a greenhouse is up to 3.5 kg. Large radish - up to 35 g, strong, juicy and sweet.
Early varieties radish for greenhouses:
- «Early red»Gives a high yield and is resistant to shooting;
- «French breakfast»Has a cylindrical shape and good taste;
- «Heat"- classic radish in shape and taste.
- «Celeste F1»- the producer of this type of radish for greenhouses - the Netherlands. It has a good yield, excellent taste, and is also unpretentious in cultivation and care.
Of course, there are a lot of varieties of radish. What are the best varieties of radish for greenhouses? When choosing seed material, it is better to focus on the zoning of the variety and the composition of the soil favorable for its cultivation.
Choosing and preparing seeds
When choosing seeds, pay attention to their size. Radish seeds for greenhouse should be large, up to 3.5 mm. Standard home sorting is to sift them through a large mesh (2 mm) sieve. We plant those that remain in it in a greenhouse, those that have sifted out - in the spring in open ground.
Sowing radishes in the greenhouse: before planting soak the seeds for a couple of days... To do this, wet a soft cloth or cheesecloth and place the seeds between its layers. Keep the cheesecloth moist at all times. The seeds should give tiny sprouts. Then treat the seeds with a weak solution of potassium permanganate. Rinse them out and immerse in growth stimulant solution for 4 hours, divorced according to the instructions.
Then again, lightly rinse and dry on a cloth until flowing. Everything, the seeds are ready. It is recommended to use different varieties at the first planting in order to later determine your taste preferences.
Planting and leaving
Technology for growing radish in a greenhouse.
How to plant radishes in a greenhouse? Planting in a greenhouse radishes: for sowing seeds furrows are made in the garden at a distance of 10 cm from each other. Furrows are spilled with water. The seeds that have hatched are sown to a depth of 1.5 cm with an interval of 3-4 cm.
It is important to respect the planting depth... If the seeds are planted deeper, there is a risk of losing 50% of the crop.
How to grow radishes in a greenhouse? The soil is prepared in autumn, plant residues from previous crops are removed from it. It is dug up and fertilized with humus. Radish does not like acidic soiltherefore liming may be required. Before planting, the soil is loosened well and, if necessary, warmed up. To do this, it is spilled with hot water and covered with foil for 2-3 days.
In the southern regions and in the temperate zone, this is not necessary. The soil for radishes should be loose and moisture permeable. The best drainage for it will be wood ash. A potassium-phosphorus mixture is used as a fertilizer.
For planting seeds in a greenhouse temperature is maintained at 10-12 ° C... In order for the radishes to germinate, a temperature of 16-18 ° C is needed. When the first cotyledon leaves appear, the temperature is lowered to 8-10 ° C and kept for 3 days. Then it is raised again to 16-20 ° C.
Illumination of 1200-1300 lux is ideal. Daylight hours should be 12 hoursin. If it is winter time or the beginning of spring, the plantings must be supplemented with the help of LED or fluorescent lamps. The radish does not need more than 12 hours of light, otherwise it may shoot the arrow. When growing radishes in a greenhouse in summer, when the daylight hours are long, the ridges are shadedso that flower stalks do not form on the radish.
Watering and feeding
Radish loves wet soil, so you shouldn't let it dry out. This is fraught with crop loss. If you have chosen a cassette growing method, keep in mind that watering should be done from belowthrough the drain hole.
Watering is carried out to a depth of 10-15 cm. For less moisture evaporation, the soil can be sprinkled with peat or humus. To avoid a sudden rise in humidity in the greenhouse after watering her need to ventilate... Otherwise, there is a danger of plant disease with a black leg.
Top dressing should be done only if it was not enriched enough in the fall or before planting. In this case superphosphate diluted in water is introduced, urea and wood ash.
Thinning and weeding
How is radish grown in a greenhouse? Cylindrical radishes are planted at a distance of 3-4 cm, round - 5-6 cm.After the seedlings are several days old, their need to thin out... If this is not done, then each plant, striving to regain its place, will increase the green mass to the detriment of the emerging root crop. During the growth of radishes to the beds light loosening and weeding is necessary from weeds.
The greenhouse uses the same land as the vegetable garden. And just like the rest of the vegetables, radishes are susceptible to diseases... For their prevention, seedlings are sprayed with a solution of laundry soap and wood ash in a 1: 2 ratio.
This will protect the planting from powdery mildew and black leg, as well as scare off pests - cabbage moth, caterpillars and cruciferous midges. As you can see, with minimal labor and financial costs you can harvest radishes all year round... The radish grown in a greenhouse is in no way inferior in taste and beauty to its ground counterpart.
Video about planting radishes in a greenhouse: