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Flowers for sale are grown not only by owners of small household farms, but also by professionals in the greenhouse business.
In greenhouses ideal conditions can be created for a wide variety of plants.
Floral the business has a good profitability, but it is suitable only for people who are well versed in crop production.
Greenhouses for professionals and amateurs
Industrial greenhouses for growing flowers are impressive in size (from 1 hectare). Most often they are built on a metal frame and covered with glass. In cold climates, double glazing is used to create a thermos effect. Industrial greenhouses are made tall and equipped with supporting internal columns.
For farmersplanning their own flower growing business, greenhouses will do medium size, from 100 to 200 sq. m... The best proven structures are galvanized metal that does not corrode. Greenhouses are covered with sheets of polycarbonate, which retains heat well. Polycarbonate structures are durable, do not break under the influence of snow.
Flexible sheets can be formed into any shape. Perfect floral greenhouses are being made pitched, the south side should be lower than the north. This design significantly improves insolation and helps save heating costs. It is more practical to lay out the northern wall with a bar or cinder blocks. A blank wall will protect the greenhouse from the wind and create the effect of a solar panel.
The best greenhouse location - from west to east... When building a greenhouse for flowers, it is worth considering the possibility of expanding the economy. When renting a plot, it is worth leaving space for the construction of another 2-3 structures.
Business advantages and disadvantages
Greenhouse business professionals believe that growing flowers in a greenhouse as a business is the most profitable option for beginners and experienced entrepreneurs. Among the advantages of greenhouse floriculture:
- high demand for quality flowers, stable throughout the year;
- in winter and spring, the extra charge for plants increases significantly;
- in the greenhouse any plants can be grown, including exotic;
- greenhouses are suitable for growing seedlings and potted crops;
- high productivity. About 250 flowers can be cut from one rose bush.
Despite the obvious advantages, growing flowers in greenhouses also has disadvantages:
- Flowers - a capricious culturerequiring careful care. Business is suitable only for people who understand a lot about agriculture.
- Heating greenhouses all year round is expensive. The colder the region, the less profitable the business will be.
- Cut flowers have limited shelf life.
- It is important to consider the issue of product sales. For a successful and quick sale, you need to establish several channels: retail outlets in the market and in kiosks, flower shops, wholesale buyers, etc.
What flowers to grow?
Experts differ on the ideal crops for greenhouses. Some believe that best flower for indoor - a rose. It is very fruitful, from one bush a year you can cut from 200 to 250 flowers. There are many varieties specially designed for greenhouses. Roses are eagerly bought by wholesalers and retailers, the demand for them is stable throughout the year.
However, some growers believe that the popularity of roses is declining, consumers are reorienting to more exotic plants. For flower growers who decide to bet on the exotic, different types of orchids, anthuriums are suitable.
Those who decide to opt for roses should start with proven varieties that yield good yields and are disease resistant. In greenhouses most often plant hybrid tea roses, it is possible to grow on its own roots or on rootstocks. Among the most popular varieties:
- Karina (pink);
- Baccarat (orange-red);
- Little Flirt (red-yellow);
- Better Times (red).
For growing in greenhouses fit and chrysanthemums. Indoors, large-flowered and small-flowered variants of different shades can be grown. Chrysanthemums pest resistant, they are stored for a long time after cutting.
Greenhouse owners can also bet on seasonal flowers: varietal tulips, crocuses, hyacinths. When growing tulips in a greenhouse, indoors, several crops can be harvested per year.
Seasonal crops can be combined with other plants, planting them alternately.
A very promising option is growing flowers in pots. The cost of such plants is comparable to that of soil plants, and the margin for them is much higher. In addition, potted flowers are more durable, which makes them more attractive to retail. In greenhouses successfully grow miniature roses, mini-chrysanthemums, hyacinths and other bulbous, orchids, cyclamens.
Some growers rely on seasonal annuals. Growing seedlings and ampelous plants in hanging baskets can generate a good income. Suspended structures are eagerly bought by owners of shops, catering establishments, and various summer playgrounds.
How to equip a greenhouse?
Flowers are very demanding high-quality lighting, the level of moisture and soil nutrition. But the most important issue is the heating of the greenhouse. Built-in mini-boiler rooms can solve it, but small structures are often heated with ordinary air heaters or stoves.
Heating with fires and biofuel is also possible. Sheets of roofing material, which are laid out outside along the entire perimeter, will help to keep warm.
Even the simplest greenhouses need a ventilation system and curtains for shading during the summer heat. The design can be supplemented with a drip irrigation system, fogging, temperature and humidity control.
All these functions can automate. This approach will help save on hired greenhouse maintenance personnel, but the initial investment will increase significantly.
You can plant flowers directly in the ground, in suspended or mounted containers. In an industrial setting, flowers are grown in bags filled with substrates of perlite, coconut fiber, mineral wool, etc.
Prepared mats are laid out in special troughs with drainage holes, pre-rooted in seedling cubes plants are planted in the substrate... This technology allows you to significantly save space in the greenhouse, up to 7 rose bushes are placed on one running meter.
Calculation of profitability
When drawing up a business plan for the future economy, all costs must be taken into account. It will take substantial initial investment, the business will be recouped not earlier than in a year. The list of basic expenses includes:
- Construction and equipping of a greenhouse (120 sq. M.) - from 100,000 to 500,000 rubles... The most expensive option includes an automated irrigation system, air humidification, ventilation and shading, as well as the installation of an electric heating system.
- Purchase of varietal planting material and fertilizers - from 50,000 rubles.
- Registration of a legal entity, obtaining certificates for products - from 10,000 rubles... Mandatory for working with retail chains or trading through your own store.
- Heating and lighting of greenhouses - from 20,000 per month.
To the expenditure side, you can add the cost of renting or buying a land plot, transport, salaries of hired personnel.
Income depends on the chosen method of sale and the season. Most profitable option - retail... Flowers can be handed over to retail chains or you can open your own florist salon. Wholesale sales reduce profits, but they help to significantly increase turnover. The owners of large greenhouses use combined sales methods, combining retail and wholesale.
It is worth considering that summer profitability flower business declines, but increases significantly in winter and spring. Retail and wholesale prices for flowers increase 1.5-2 times.
The reason for this is a decrease in supply, decrease in competition from small entrepreneurs and increased demand.
To calculate the profit, you can take the average wholesale price for a rose (40 rubles). Greenhouse of 100 sq. m can accommodate up to 400 rose bushes. They will produce at least 80,000 flowers a year. Thus, the business of growing roses in a greenhouse, according to minimum estimates, will amount to 3,200,000 rubles. Profitability business is 70-75%.
Growing flowers in greenhouses is a promising business. The idea of import substitution has reduced competition from foreign producers, while the demand for quality plants has not decreased. Starting with one small greenhouse, already in a year the business can be expanded, erecting another 1-2 structures and increasing the planting area. By optimizing sales, you can increase your profitability up to 80-100%.
Business - Flowers - Greenhouse, details in the video below: