Beetroot is one of the best varieties of culture cultivated in Russia. It has a pleasant sweet taste and is characterized by the absence of cylindrical rings, which is important for taste.
This variety is unpretentious in care, but nevertheless, some of the nuances should be taken into account. This article talks about the seeding rules and further care, as well as the prevention of common diseases. With proper care, the gardener will be rewarded with a large harvest.
A small rosette of beets grows upright. Light green oval leaves with reddish veins have wavy edges. Fruits of a round shape are characterized by an even and smooth surface with a shiny glossy sheen. The skin is colored dark burgundy. Juicy pulp of dense consistency has a pleasant sweet taste. The weight of the roots varies from 160 to 350 grams. The diameter of the vegetable is ten to twelve centimeters. The axial spine is purple.
The variety is characterized by a high level of yield: from four to five kilograms of fruit can be harvested from a square meter of plantings. A one hectare plantation is capable of producing about four tons of high quality fruit. Defective tubers are found only in two percent of cases, which is a very low figure. The variety is mid-season, which means that the first roots can be harvested within four months after planting.
Here you can see how Mulatka table beet looks like:
The Mulatka variety belongs to the varieties of domestic selection, since it was bred by Russian scientists almost thirty years ago, at the end of the eighties. An extensive list of the advantages of this type of beet was appreciated in many other countries, and now it is actively cultivated not only in Russia, but also in Moldova, as well as in Ukraine. The popularity of the variety is constantly growing due to the high taste of the fruit and excellent keeping quality.
Difference from others
A variety called "Mulatto" has serious advantages that distinguish it from other beet varieties. In the dense juicy pulp, there are no whitish cylindrical rings, the whole consistency is uniform. This characteristic is essential because the cylindrical rings seriously impair the flavor of the beets during cooking.
"Mulatto" is excellent for culinary experiments not only due to the preservation of a pleasant taste, but also the invariability of a rich burgundy color, which is not lost even during heat treatment.
Advantages and disadvantages
"Mulatto" has an extensive list of advantagesthat outweigh the possible disadvantages. Advantages of the variety:
- undemanding to the composition of the soil;
- absence of whitish cylindrical rings that impair taste;
- maintaining a rich color during heat treatment;
- sweet taste of root vegetables;
- long shelf life - beets can be eaten in winter;
- resistance to color and temperature changes;
- high productivity;
- preservation of the presentation during transportation, which allows the cultivation of crops on an industrial scale;
- low rates of rejection;
- the possibility of growing on personal household plots and on large farm plantations;
- resistance to the appearance of arrows.
Among the shortcomings, only one negative feature is distinguished - exactingness regarding the level of illumination.
Beets of the Mulatka variety are widely used in cooking due to the absence of rings that impair the taste and preservation of their original color even after exposure to temperature. Root vegetables of this variety are ideal for preparing a popular Russian dish called "borsch".
It turns out to be deep red, since the color is not lost under the influence of heat treatment. The fruits are suitable for preserving and preparing salads, for example, the famous vinaigrette. "Mulatto" often becomes a product included in the diet menu. Due to the large amount of nutrients contained in beets, it is used in folk medicine.to strengthen blood vessels, normalize blood pressure and support the work of the heart muscle.
Growing table beets in the open field requires some knowledge and awareness of the nuances of vegetable cultivation.
Purchase and preparation of material
You can buy seeds of the Mulatka variety everywhere in gardening stores or via the Internet. The cost of a two-gram bag of seeds varies from seven to twenty rubles, depending on the region of residence.
Before sowing in open ground or in a container, the seeds are prepared so that the seedlings appear earlier. To do this, mix a solution of ten liters of water, a teaspoon of baking soda, the same amount of superphosphate and wood ash. The planting material is poured with liquid for exactly two hours, after which it is washed under a stream of warm water and placed in a dry cloth.
Beets can be planted outdoors around April or May. The main reference point is the temperature of the soil: the earth should warm up to ten degrees at a depth of ten centimeters.
Site selection and soil preparation
Advice! If the beets are placed in a darkened area, the color of the root crops will be pale and light.
The variety requires a high level of illumination, so an open area with unhindered access to sunlight is selected for the beets. "Mulatto" can grow on almost any soil, but it cannot be cultivated in swampy areas. You should pay attention to the acidity of the soil: beets feel comfortable in the soil with a low or neutral pH.
When choosing a site, the principle of crop rotation must be used. The best precursors for beets are: onions, tomatoes, potatoes, cucumbers. The place where cabbage and carrots used to grow will not work. It is advised to plant onions, radishes, beans and cucumbers next to beets. Spinach, leek, potatoes, celery and corn are not suitable for crop neighbors. You can only return the beets to their former site after three or four years.
Prepare the soil for planting in the fall. To begin with, they pull out all the weeds, then they dig up the earth and add fertilizers: ten kilograms of compost, humus or manure for each square meter. In the soil with a high level of acidity, 400 or 500 grams of slaked lime is laid.
There are two ways to sow beets in open ground: one-line or two-line. The one-line method involves landing in lines forty-five centimeters apart. The second method involves the arrangement of two lines at a distance of twenty-five centimeters from each other and the creation of another pair of lines with a gap of fifty centimeters from the previous group.
The seeding sequence is as follows:
- the grooves are well watered, wait until the moisture is completely absorbed;
- seeds are planted in the ground, observing a distance of five or ten centimeters, lowering them to a three centimeter depth;
- planting material is covered with soil;
- stepping back ten centimeters from the planting, weeding is carried out with a common hoe so that oxygen can freely reach the planted beets.
Important! Several plants will turn out from each seed, so thinning of the plantings cannot be avoided. As soon as the sprouts have two leaves, thinning is carried out, leaving a two-centimeter distance between the seedlings. The second time this procedure is resorted to after the development of four or five leaves.
The optimum temperature for germinating seeds is 20 degrees.although they begin to germinate at lower temperatures. During growth and development, beets feel comfortable if the air warms up to thirty degrees.
Beets are watered about twice a week, focusing on the condition of the soil. Drought and excess moisture negatively affect the condition of the tubers. In the first case, they will stop hard and bitter, and the storage time is reduced. An excess of liquid provokes wateriness of the fruit and decay of the root system. For irrigation, use settled water heated to air temperature. Cold water negatively affects the development of the plant.
As a preventive measure, beet cultivation rules must be followed. To prevent the appearance of aphids and shitonoski, they observe crop rotation, get rid of weeds in a timely manner and dig up the ground. Prevent the emergence of beet flea beet by treating the soil with wood ash. The likelihood of developing powdery mildew will come to naught if plant residues are removed from the site in time and the principles of crop rotation are followed.
The plant is regularly fed to get a rich and healthy harvest. Beets are especially fond of organic fertilizers. After the first thinning, add 10 grams of potassium chloride and superphosphate, as well as 5 grams of ammonium nitrate per square meter.
A solution made from mullein or bird droppings will work. For 10 square meters of planting, twelve liters of solution will be required. It is impossible to combine two types of fertilizers. As soon as the seedlings grow to such an extent that the leaves come into contact with neighboring plants, one more top dressing is carried out. Wood ash is scattered over the garden bed (one glass per 1.5 square meters), after which the earth is watered.
After watering, the soil must be loosened to avoid the appearance of a soil crust. The procedure will help the air to penetrate more easily to the roots, which will develop more actively with its free access. Another important maintenance procedure is weeding, which removes all weeds that interfere with the development of beets.
Harvesting and storage
The crop is harvested before the onset of the first frost. To begin with, the tubers are dug in with a pitchfork and the excess soil is removed from them. Using a sharp knife, cut off the tops. You can store fruits that do not show signs of decay and damage. High-quality root crops are laid out in boxes or containers in several layers, separating them from each other with shavings or sawdust. The crop is stored at temperatures from zero to two degrees.
Diseases and pests
If the conditions of detention are violated, the plant will weaken and be attacked by parasites, and also become vulnerable to diseases. Gardeners growing "Mulatka" should be wary of powdery mildew, root eater, phomosis, clump rot, aphids, shitonoski and beet flea. All problems are eliminated by using special drugs.
Beetroot "Mulatka" is a popular variety grown in many Russian gardens. The sweet tubers are suitable for culinary preparation and traditional medicine.