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Turnip-like cabbage - get to know kalrabi! Everything you need to know about this healthy vegetable

Turnip-like cabbage - get to know kalrabi! Everything you need to know about this healthy vegetable


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Kohlrabi is an interesting vegetable that is a cabbage, but not like it. In Russia, kohlrabi was compared to rutabaga. The cabbage got its interesting name from the German "kohl rube", which means "turnip cabbage", due to its external resemblance to this vegetable. This article will tell you what "turnip cabbage" is, how and where it originated, how it differs from other species, for what purposes and by whom it is grown, what is the edible part of the plant, what are the pros and cons of kohlrabi cabbage and what effect it has on health, as well as how to grow it outdoors and how to deal with threatening diseases and pests.

Botanical description

What is kohlrabi? Kohlrabi cabbage is a biennial herb of the cabbage family... It is one of the fastest ripening vegetables. It is a rounded stem with rare diverging leaves. The color of ripe cabbage is light green or purple. The flesh of the stalk is always white, regardless of the color of the peel.

A photo

See how this amazing vegetable looks in the photo:





History of origin

Cabbage comes from the Mediterranean, from where it was brought to Europe and Asia... Since the 16th century, kohlrabi has been widely grown in Western Europe and Turkey. In Russia, kohlrabi has not become widespread, despite all its useful properties.

Difference from other species

The main difference between kohlrabi and other types of cabbage is the specific bulbous shape of the stem with rare leaves diverging to the sides. In appearance, this vegetable looks more like a root vegetable than a cabbage. Kohlrabi tastes like a cabbage stump, but sweeter and more juicy.

Who grows this species?

This cabbage is grown mainly by amateur gardeners., you can find it on sale in markets and very rarely in supermarkets. The vegetable is rich in vitamins and microelements, especially vitamin C, suitable for daily consumption.

What does this vegetable eat?

Both the stem and the leaves of the plant are used for food. The main nutritional value is the stem crop. Can be eaten raw, stewed, boiled. It goes well with meat dishes, soups, side dishes.

Advantages and disadvantages

The list of advantages of "cabbage-turnip" is quite long:

  • Kohlrabi is a dietary product, but it is rich in vitamins and minerals.
  • This is an early ripening and cold-resistant vegetable, therefore, even in the northern regions, it is possible to get several harvests per season.
  • Cabbage does not require special conditions and careful care when growing.
  • Has a pleasant sweetish, juicy taste. Due to the increased acidity, it improves appetite.
  • Suitable for use raw, boiled, stewed. It goes well with a wide variety of dishes.

It is also worth noting Kohlrabi disadvantages:

  • Cabbage is very sensitive to over and under watering.
  • Capable of accumulating nitrates, which are dangerous to the human body.
  • With sharp fluctuations in ambient temperature, a young kohlrabi sprout grows into a "flower arrow".

Benefit and harm

Consider how kohlrabi cabbage is useful. The calorie content of the vegetable is low: 100 g of kohlrabi contains only 41.7 kcal, which makes it an excellent dietary product. At the same time, cabbage contains an increased amount of sugars - up to 7.9% and ascorbic acid (up to 140 mg / 100 g), due to which kohlrabi is called "northern lemon".

The protein content in "turnip cabbage" ranges from 1.2 to 2.8%, starch and fiber - from 1.5 to 2.2%. Kohlrabi is rich in vitamins and minerals (mg / 100g): vit C - 40 - 67.8; vit B1 -0.1; vit B2 - 0.04-0.08; potassium - 370; calcium - 46-75; magnesium 30-50; phosphorus - 50; sodium - 10-20.

Despite the many useful properties of kohlrabi, it is necessary to remember about contraindications to its use. Kohlrabi should be used with caution by people with diseases of the pancreas and diseases of the stomach and intestines, accompanied by high acidity. In such cases, cabbage can be combined with other foods that neutralize its acidification.

We suggest you watch a video about the benefits of kohlrabi:

Popular varieties

The following varieties of kohlrabi cabbage are considered the best: “Vienna White”, “Vienna Blue”, “Violetta”, “Giant”, “Blue Planet”, “Delicacy White”, “Delicacy Blue”, “Delicacy Red”, “Erfordia”, “Moravia”, “Optimus Blue” "," Piquant "," Smak ".

Outdoor cultivation and care

Let's take a closer look at how to grow kohlrabi, what care it needs.

Where and for how much can you buy seed?

In Moscow, the price of kohlrabi ranges from 9 to 51 rubles, depending on the variety... You can buy cabbage in such large chain stores as "7 Seeds", "Garden and Vegetable Garden", "Agro SOS". In St. Petersburg, in stores such as Planet Gardener, Argo, Harvest, Garden and Seeds, kohlrabi cabbage can be purchased at a price of 10 to 56 rubles.

When to plant seeds?

Sowing kohlrabi in open ground from central Russia begins in early to mid-May, when the average daily temperature does not drop below + 10 ° C.

We invite you to watch a video about the timing of planting kalrabi:

Seat selection

Do not plant kohlrabi in places where any other type of cabbage grew a year earlier.as this increases the likelihood of pest infestation. Also bad predecessors are rutabagas, radishes, radishes. Better "turnip cabbage" will grow in soil where legumes, nightshades, and beets were previously planted.

Reference! Sunlight promotes the growth of kohlrabi, but partial shade is also acceptable.

Ground requirements

The soil does not play a special role, however, kohlrabi grows better in light and moist soil, rich in humus and lime.

Landing

  1. When sowing, grooves are made at a distance of 30-35 cm from each other, the seeds are spread, leaving 3-4 cm between them.
  2. The seeding depth of seeds on light soils is 2 cm, and on heavier soils - 1-1.5 cm.
  3. With the emergence of seedlings, they are thinned out to a distance of 30 cm between the shoots.

Useful is the proximity of kohlrabi with onions, basil, hyssop and other green vegetables.

Temperature

Kohlrabi seeds germinate at a temperature of +15 .. + 18 ° С, at + 10 ° С the emergence of seedlings is delayed up to 7 days. The sprouts can withstand frosts down to -3 ° С and grow well at + 5 ... + 10 ° С. Adult plants tolerate temperatures as low as -5 ° C.

With sharp fluctuations in temperature, instead of a stem crop, plants form a flower arrow, therefore, in central Russia, on the eve of frosts, kohlrabi must be covered.

Watering

Young shoots must be watered every 2-3 days., for adult plants once a week is enough.

With insufficient watering, the stem grower becomes tough and fibrous, and with an excess of moisture, the growth of kohlrabi is greatly slowed down.

Top dressing

Top dressing can be done up to four times per season... For these purposes, chicken manure, rotted manure, mineral fertilizers are suitable.

Hilling

It is necessary to regularly loosen the soil around the cabbage to a depth of 8 cm. This contributes to the saturation of the soil with oxygen, prevents excessive evaporation of moisture and the growth of weeds.

Harvesting

The period of formation of the stem-fruit ranges from 60-70 days for early-ripening varieties, up to 80-90 days for late-ripening varieties.

The optimum diameter for a mature kohlrabi is 7 cm, when overgrown, cabbage loses its sweetish taste and juiciness, becomes tough and fibrous.

Harvest storage

Like other types of cabbage, kohlrabi keeps well in a cool, dark place for up to one month.

Diseases and pests

Kohlrabi diseases and pests are similar to those of white cabbage. The most common diseases: black leg, keela, mucous bacteriosis, peronosporosis (downy mildew). Pests: snails and slugs, cabbage fly, aphids, white beetle, cruciferous fleas, cabbage scoop.

Disease prevention

Since kohlrabi is very sensitive to chemicals and easily accumulates them, it will be appropriate to use traditional methods to prevent diseases. So, liming the soil prevents the disease of the keel, and the tobacco solution will help fight the cabbage fly. Cruciferous flea beetles can be scared away by planting spinach next to kohlrabi.

Reference! Kohlrabi intensively accumulates nitrates contained in chemicals, which is dangerous for the human body. It is worth purchasing cabbage with caution in stores, referring only to trusted sources.

Kohlrabi is a healthy, easy-to-grow and undeservedly deprived vegetable. With proper care, you can get several harvests of cabbage rich in vitamins and microelements per season.

We suggest you watch a video about growing kohlrabi cabbage:


Watch the video: The Kohlrabi or German turnip or turnip cabbage and Benefits (July 2022).


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