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Hibiscus, Chinese rose - these romantic names belong to the same beautiful plant. Nature has endowed him with a beautiful branchy crown, glossy delicate leaves and luxurious flowers.
To impart certain decorative qualities to this plant, competent care is required. One of the points of such care is pruning.
Strict adherence to the rules of this procedure will allow you to get a spectacular flower of the desired shape with a lush crown and abundant flowering.
In the article, we will take a closer look at how to properly form a crown at home.
Why do you need pruning?
There are a number of reasons for pruning a Chinese rose:
- Ability to get rid of irregularly shaped branches:
- too long;
In their place, new branches will grow over time.
- Rejuvenation. Lack of proper care of the hibiscus will lead to the fact that the flower will spend all its energy on old shoots. Flowering will become scarce, and the crown will not acquire splendor.
- Sanitary pruning allows you to get rid of shoots affected by disease or pests and prevent the spread of the disease to healthy branches.
- Root pruning is justified only in the case of their strong growth. Also, this type of pruning accelerates the growth of hibiscus and promotes abundant flowering.
When to do the procedure?
When is the best time to perform the procedure: in February, before spring, or in autumn? The main pruning of the Chinese rose takes place in February. Slight - in September, after flowering. If you ignore the autumn pruning, then the old side shoots will grow back. And there will be no flowering (why hibiscus can not bloom?). After all, the buds appear exclusively on young shoots.
Important: the more often this procedure is performed, the more magnificent the crown will be and the more abundant the flowering.
In the summer, you should refrain from pruning. There will be no flowering after summer pruning.
Pruning a home flower
How can a home flower be pruned? Depending on the age of the plant, its condition and the expected shape of the crown, there are 5 types of pruning:
- Topping suitable for young plants.
- This is the most gentle type of pruning.
- It is used to stimulate growth.
- It consists in removing the tops of all branches above the top node.
- You need to pinch when the plant is about 13 - 15 cm high.
- To strengthen the trunk when pinching, the central shoot is attached to the base (for example, to a bamboo skewer).
- Selective cropping it is carried out not only to stimulate growth, but also to maintain the shape of the plant. This type of pruning is a more thorough pruning of branches: several already well-developed internodes are cut off. Certain areas are cut off that violate the shape of the crown.
The sequence of this type of hibiscus pruning is as follows:
- Cut off lateral shoots, leaving up to 4 - 5 leaves.
- Make a cut just above the node, leaving at least 2/3 of the branch.
- Branches growing parallel to the central trunk and inside the crown must also be pruned.
- Pruning over the growth point that faces outward.
Reference: the cut is made at an angle of 45 degrees.
- Full cropping provides abundant flowering of the plant. Produced in early spring for abundant flowering. With full pruning, each branch is shortened to two or three buds.
- Sanitary pruning consists in removing areas of the plant damaged by the disease. The cut is made before the appearance of living wood. If the cut is green, then the branch is alive. The brown and white cut of the branch requires immediate pruning.
Do not try to leave as many shoots as possible when pruning. Don't be afraid to trim! Even if you cut off the excess, the plant will survive. Pruning tools must be sharp and disinfected.
How to form a crown at home?
Formative pruning is the most difficult type of hibiscus pruning.
Purpose of the procedure and the best time for it
The Chinese rose is shaped to obtain the desired crown and plant shape. The more often the crown lends itself to shaping by pruning, the better the plant will develop and achieve the correct shape.
They begin to form a crown in the spring, at the end of the dormant period of the plant. The hibiscus shape is maintained by selective pruning.
How to properly trim a bush in spring?
The rules for pruning hibiscus depend on what type of crown is supposed to be obtained after the procedure. It can be a lush tree, a branchy shrub, or a miniature bush.
- To form a Chinese rose in the form of a tree, you should:
- Remove side branches.
- Leave a couple of medium branches, shortening them only by 2 - 3 buds. In the future, this will be the main trunk.
- To form a lush bush hibiscus, you must:
- Trim the middle uppermost branches. In this case, the lateral buds will begin to form new shoots.
- Shorten the central branch, leaving only a few growth points.
- To form a lush crown:
- Remove all useless branches: internal, parallel to the main trunk, gnarled, deformed and growing inward.
- Timely cleanse the crown of faded flowers. This promotes the development and budding of new buds.
Caring for a Chinese rose immediately after crown formation
The first time after pruning, the Chinese rose needs adaptation:
- Place the plant in a cool area.
- Protect from direct sunlight.
- Limit watering.
Further care for the trimmed houseplant is no different from the usual:
- Watering with warm, settled water as the top layer of the soil dries out.
- Air humidity is about 50%.
- Spraying and rinsing in the shower. Wiping the leaves with a damp cloth is also fine. For the full development of the Chinese rose, the leaves of the flower must be constantly clean from dust.
- Top dressing once a month with complex fertilizers.
- Airing the room, but avoiding drafts. In summer, it is preferable to take out the hibiscus to fresh air.
- Lighting should be bright, but diffuse.
What if the plant starts to wither?
Withering of hibiscus after pruning is a rare occurrence. The flower is absolutely calm about pruning. And if this happened, the reason lies in the violation of the adaptation mode of the trimmed hibiscus or the rules of general care. Let's note the main ones:
- Insufficient watering. Novice flower growers understand the almost complete cessation of watering during the adaptation period. The frequency and abundance of watering depend on the temperature and humidity of the room.
- Excessive rise in room temperature should be the reason for increased watering.
- A significant decrease in humidity requires additional spraying.
- Use very hot or cold water for irrigation. It should be noted that the water must not be defended under the scorching rays of the sun.
So, the problem of plant wilting after pruning is solved by normalizing the conditions for caring for it... Thus, a Chinese rose, with proper care, needs systematic pruning. And the more old and deformed branches are cut off, the more nutrition the young shoots will receive. Only the competent formation of the hibiscus crown will make this flower unique in its beauty.