Garden hibiscus can take the life form of a tree, a shrub, or even a herbaceous plant. It can delight the owner for a long time with its beautiful flowers, especially with proper care.
This article tells you how to properly care for your garden hibiscus by pruning and when it is best to remove shoots - in the spring or at other times of the year - and why it is done. Also in the article we will study the follow-up care after pruning, as well as learn what to do if the plant disappears.
Why should you delete branches?
- As a rule, the plant is most often pruned to give a special shape to its crown and get rid of weak or diseased shoots.
- Sometimes only old shoots grow and almost no new ones appear, in such cases the plant should also be cut off. Removing old branches has a rejuvenating effect on hibiscus.
- A diseased or dying tree is pruned to prolong its life.
- Pruning will also not harm a healthy bush: more branches will appear on it, which means more flowers, because flowers are formed only on young branches.
- Sometimes it becomes necessary to cut the roots if the flower no longer fits in the pot (in this case, special care is needed).
What will happen without removing shoots?
Curved and weak branches will grow, which will shed flowers. Shoots also begin to deform and become short or curved. There will be fewer flowers. Hibiscus will be much less aesthetically pleasing without a decorated crown., shoots grow chaotically, and there are practically no new ones.
If the extra roots are not removed in time, the hibiscus will not be able to fit in the pot.
When and how often is it required?
It is best to prune every year in the spring. (so that fresh shoots appear) and autumn (for the growth of side shoots) time. Most often they are pruned in the spring, as this leads to the formation of new shoots, and only on them flowers can appear. Pruning is not recommended in summer, otherwise the flowers may not appear. In winter, it is also impossible to remove branches, otherwise it can slow down the growth of a flower in spring (read about hibiscus wintering and preparation for the cold here).
- First you need to get good tools. It will not be superfluous to treat them with a disinfectant to avoid contamination. You will need:
- gardening scissors;
- well sharpened knife;
- hand saw (if the shoots are old and cannot be cut with another tool);
- you can use regular scissors or a sharp knife.
- The slices should be one quarter of an inch above the knot, and the angle should be 45 degrees up. It is best to remove branches that are parallel to the main one.
- When pruning, do not cut more than two-thirds of the branches; this will only damage the plant and weaken it.
- Then you can do pinching of young shoots - tie the central shoot to the support, and cut the side ones, leaving from three to five leaves.
After pruning, you need to start feeding the plant with nitrogen and phosphorus fertilizers., this will help him gain strength to grow new shoots and flowers. The rest of the care is no different from everyday care.
Read about the care and reproduction of garden hibiscus here.
What if the plant goes missing?
If, after too intensive removal of shoots, the plant begins to die, it is still possible to save it. It is necessary to fertilize the soil more with nitrogen and phosphorus fertilizers so that the flower gains nutrients and grows more intensively. In no case should you re-cut! Watering should also be increased slightly.
If you want to achieve the desired crown shape and intense flowering, pruning is necessary. The most important thing is not to carry it out too often and not to cut off more than two-thirds of the shoots, otherwise you can harm the plant or even destroy it. Subject to all conditions, hibiscus will surely delight you with lush green foliage and numerous bright and beautiful flowers.