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Growing beets in the Urals - the best varieties for planting, their description and photos

Growing beets in the Urals - the best varieties for planting, their description and photos



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Absolutely all summer residents, planting on their site, dream of getting a bountiful harvest. But weather conditions always make their own adjustments, and the process of growing vegetables can be strikingly different in different regions of the country.

This issue is especially of concern to gardeners living in areas with difficult climatic conditions.

In this article we will tell you about beet varieties suitable for cultivation in the Urals and about their features.

Features of the climate and its influence on the cultivation of vegetables

The Urals are characterized by low average annual temperatures, short summers with possible frosts, often strong winds and uneven distribution of precipitation. The peculiarities of the soil also leave their mark - it is often rocky, which makes cultivation difficult. Soil acidity is usually above average, and liming is recommended before planting root crops.

The climate of this region is still suitable for a huge number of cultures.... The hard work of breeders allows even typical southern plants to be grown here. Beets are quite demanding on lighting parameters and temperature conditions, but all this can be adjusted by choosing the right seed and following the rules for growing a plant.

Important! To reduce the acidity of the soil, it is enough to add a small amount of wood ash to the soil before planting.

Selection rules

It is worth approaching the choice of seeds with special care, because the size of the crop depends to a large extent on this.

  • The main requirement is adaptation to the weather conditions of the region. Beet varieties suitable for southern areas are most likely simply not able to grow in the Urals. The seeds must be cold-resistant and ripen quickly - beets with late ripening here will not have time to finally form in a short summer.
  • It is also worth paying attention to the quality of the seeds prepared for planting. They must be healthy, not damaged externally and not have an unpleasant odor.

Let us dwell in more detail on those varieties of beets that are most often found in the gardens of the Urals. Mainly cultivated beets and sugar beets.

  1. Table beet contains a large amount of betaine, which gives the vegetable its red color.
  2. Sugar varieties are characterized by high carbohydrate values, and is used for the production of sugar. Has a white fruit.
  3. Fodder varieties beets are grown for livestock feeding. Such a diet significantly increases milk yield and makes it possible to compensate for the lack of vitamins in winter.

Most often, early-ripening and mid-ripening varieties of table beets are grown. They allow you to get large fruits in the middle of summer. The main disadvantage of such varieties is that, alas, they will not tolerate long-term storage.

Consider beet varieties that are suitable for growing in the Urals, and also see their photos and descriptions.

Table beets

Early

Red ice

Ripens in 100 days, average fruit weight 200-300g... Productivity - 4-5.5 kg per 1 square meter. The pulp is juicy, without rings, does not lose color during heat treatment.

Polar flat

The growing season until full formation is 85-112 days. The variety is specially selected for areas with cold climates. The pulp is dark red with white and pink rings.

Pushkinskaya flat

The growing season is 62-105 days. Average yield is from 3 to 6.5 kg per 1 square meter. The pulp is intensely red. Suitable for long-term storage.

Wodan F1

The growth period is 95 days... The color of the pulp is deep red, does not have characteristic rings. It has a juicy and pleasant taste, retains its color during heat treatment. The mass of the root crop reaches 510 g.

More information on early beet varieties and cultivation habits can be found here.

Mid-season

Egyptian

95-115 days pass between germination and harvest. Flat-round, dark red fruits. The mass reaches 200-400 g. Juicy, red pulp without white veins, has an excellent taste. The yield is high, 5-8.3 kg per 1 square meter of the garden.

We talked in detail about the Egyptian flat beet in this article.

Bordeaux

The ripening period is about 110 days. The flesh is red in color and has noticeable banding. Fruit weight 300-510 g. It has excellent taste and retains its color during heat treatment.

Cold resistant

Vegetation period 78-102 days... High-yielding variety, up to 7.8 kg per 1 square meter. During the germination period, it is resistant to frost up to minus 5 ° C. Fruit weight - up to 270 g.

Late

Cylinder

The fruits are cylindrical in shape, which gave the name to the variety. The size of root crops reaches 16 cm in length and up to 10 cm in diameter. Weight - up to 500 grams. The growing season reaches 130 days from the moment of planting. The vegetable has a sweet, dark red flesh, thin skin and is great for canning.

You will find more information about the cultivation and storage of the beet crop of the Cylindra variety in this material.

Slav

Ripening of the root crop falls on days 125-130... Yields up to 7 kg per square meter, cylindrical fruits reaching 16 cm in length. The average fruit weight is 250-300 grams. It has a rich taste, the pulp is juicy, sweet and tender.

Larka

100-120 days before harvest. The root crop is rounded, dark red, with noticeable rings. Good taste. Productivity - up to 6.5 kg per square meter.

Red hero

The growth period is 116-125 days. Dark red, smooth, cylindrical root vegetable with high commercial qualities. Possesses good taste. Fruit weight reaches 550 g., Diameter - up to 7 cm. High yield up to 10.5 kg per square meter.

Read more about table beets, their properties and effects on the human body, as well as growing technology, read this article.

Sugar beets

The cultivation of sugar beets in the harsh climate of the Urals has many features.... This species is extremely dependent on daylight hours and average daily temperatures. When the temperature drops below 6 degrees Celsius, sugar stops accumulating in root crops (we discussed the sweetest varieties here). The main rule is to use seedlings, you should also choose cold-resistant types of seeds.

Early varieties:

  • Boltardi.
  • F1 Claudia.

Mid-season varieties:

  • Bona.
  • Detroit.
  • Libero.

Late-ripening varieties:

  • Crystal.
  • Assandra.
  • Beldan.

Fodder

This type of root crop has a rather long growing season, reaching 160 days in some varieties, so growing seedlings is also recommended.

Early

Eckendorf yellow

Yielding variety... The fruits are elongated, the flesh is yellow and highly juicy. From 1 hectare - up to 100 tons. harvest.

Northern orange

Root crops have the shape of an elongated oval, have a bright color. The average weight is about 1 kg, the variety gives a bountiful harvest.

Mid-season

Kiev pink

Multi-sprout variety, has oval roots with a slight root groove. Resistant to diseases and pests. Productivity up to 120 t / ha.

Foreman

Differs in the preservation of juicy leaves until the very harvest. Undemanding variety, withstands short-term frosts. The yield reaches 150t / ha.

Late

  • Centaur.
  • Ursus.
  • Record.
  • Hope.

Important! Several plants often grow from one seed, which requires mandatory thinning.

Read more about fodder beets and the secrets of getting large root crops here.

Which are ideal for long-term storage?

As mentioned above - early and mid-season varieties are poorly suited for storage during the winter... Delicate fruits are not meant to be. Late ripening varieties are best suited for this purpose. To understand whether the harvest obtained from a particular variety will be stored, you need to pay attention to such a parameter as “keeping quality”. It is usually indicated on the seed packaging. The most mature and best varieties grown in the Urals are:

  • Bordeaux.
  • Egyptian flat.
  • Cylinder.
  • Red hero.
  • Slav.

In general, the following recommendations will be effective for growing beets in the Urals:

  1. Choose cold-tolerant varieties with a growing season of up to 130 days.
  2. Take into account the peculiarities of the climate - early sowing of beets in open ground is fraught with the death of tender sprouts.
  3. Harvesting of beets in the Urals does not have specific dates and depends primarily on the timing of planting and weather conditions.
  4. Choose beet varieties based on the purpose for which they will be grown. Such varieties with high keeping quality are suitable for long-term storage.

Beets are a delicious vegetable that is extremely useful for humans. Its effect on the circulatory system can hardly be overestimated. Among other things, this vegetable is a powerful antioxidant, removes radionuclides from the body, prevents thyroid diseases and the formation of blood clots. All this makes beets attractive to summer residents. And even despite some finickyness of the plant and the difficult climate of the Urals, it is quite possible to do this - the main thing is to choose the right varieties and competently care for the plantings.


Watch the video: The Different Varieties Of Beets - Veseys Comparisons (August 2022).