Radish has long been a favorite spring vegetable. Preparation of most salads and dishes is indispensable without it. This vegetable is very useful - it contains many vitamins and minerals that are beneficial to human health.
The most useful radish is one grown in your garden, since it certainly does not contain nitrates.
In the article, we will consider the rules and step-by-step instructions for planting radishes in spring in open ground, and also find out how planting in spring differs from another season.
Spring is the best time to plant radishes., this is due to the biological characteristics of this plant. The landing should be carried out no earlier than the end of March. In this article, you will learn how to plant a radish in April.
Reference! Radish is a frost-resistant crop, its seeds can normally tolerate temperatures down to minus 5 degrees.
A feature of planting radishes in spring is that after harvesting it, you can plant other vegetables on the same territory. (potatoes, cabbage, eggplant). Moreover, radish is considered a good predecessor for many vegetable crops. Radishes have a short growing season. And the time of its collection just coincides with the beginning of planting of other crops. This makes it possible to reuse the same land plot 2 times.
How is it different from other seasons?
Radish is very picky about temperature values. The optimum temperature for growth is 15-18 degrees. If the temperature is higher, then the tops of this plant begin to grow vigorously, and the root crop grows poorly. Therefore, planting is best done in early spring. When planted in late spring, radishes are negatively affected by long daylight hours and high temperatures. This is reflected in the size of the root crop.
To grow radishes, you need a short daylight hours. With a long daylight hours, the tops of radish grows strongly, and the root, on the contrary, develops worse.
Types of radish planting:
- spring planting;
- summer (fruits will be harvested in autumn);
- planting before winter (harvesting will be in the spring).
Why choose exactly the spring planting of radishes?
- In the spring, there is enough moisture in the soil, which is necessary for the full growth of plants.
- Short daylight hours (which determines the development of root crops, not tops).
- Moderate air temperatures, which also lead to the development of the root crop, and not the leaves.
- The possibility of using the site after harvesting the radish again, for planting other crops.
- Profitability - the demand for radish is especially high in the spring, so it is more profitable to grow it in the spring.
Attention! Radish is traditionally considered a spring vegetable in Russia.
When to grow?
- In Siberia. In Siberia, spring planting of crops begins later, around the end of April. The main condition for planting radishes is to warm up the soil, melt the snow cover, after which the earth thawed and became suitable for cultivation. At this time, you can start planting this vegetable.
- In the Urals. In the Urals, planting is carried out from mid-April, in the absence of snow cover, when the soil has completely thawed, and there is no likelihood of new frosts.
- In Central Russia (Moscow region). When can you plant radishes in the Moscow region? In Central Russia, for example, in the Moscow region, these vegetables can be sown in early spring, at the end of March (not earlier). The main criterion for planting is the absence of frost and snow on the soil.
What temperature can it withstand and can it survive freezing?
Is the plant afraid of spring frosts? Radish can tolerate frosts down to minus five degrees without loss. It is quite frost-resistant and frost-resistant, which is especially important in the regions of Siberia and the Urals.
This culture is cold-resistant, the minimum temperature at which seeds begin to germinate is + 5 degrees. Radish shoots can withstand frosts of minus five degrees.
Frost below minus eight degrees can affect the leaves; with prolonged frosts, damage to the root crop is possible. Lack of heat inhibits plant development.
Reference! For growing this vegetable, the optimum temperature is 18-20 degrees. At temperatures below +10 degrees, growth continues, but slows down.
Rules and step by step instructions
The choice of a variety is determined by the following conditions:
- landing time;
- planting site (open ground or greenhouse);
For planting in the spring in open ground is used.
Early maturing and high-yielding variety. The fruits are dark red in color, with delicate pulp. The variety practically does not arrow. You can find out why the radish stretches and goes to the arrow from another article.
A very early variety, the fruits ripen in sixteen days, are pink in color. Radish has a slightly tart taste and a snow-white flesh color. The fruits practically do not crack.
An early variety, ripens in 20 days. The color of the fruit is crimson, the flesh is pinkish. The taste is slightly spicy.
This variety matures in 23 days., the shape of the fruit is elongated. The pulp is white and has a delicate taste.
Early maturing varieties are most suitable for growing in Siberia and the Urals:
- "Poker F1".
They are characterized by increased resistance to low temperatures. They tolerate short-term frosts without damage and can grow in unfavorable climatic conditions.
In Moscow and St. Petersburg, radish seeds (3 grams pack) can be purchased at a price of 10 to 35 rubles. Prices differ depending on the variety and manufacturer. The same variety from different manufacturers may have a different price.
Before planting seeds in the ground, they need to be sorted out. Large seeds, 3 mm in diameter, give good germination and a rich harvest. Small and old seeds give a low yield and are prone to flowering.
Attention! Many gardeners do not perform pre-plant seed treatments. But to improve germination, it is advisable to keep the seeds in a damp cloth for 1 day. They can also be kept in water for fifteen minutes at a temperature of 45 degrees - this will ensure early germination.
How should the soil be prepared in the garden?
To plant radishes, you need to plow the soil and harrow. In small areas, digging and processing of the soil is carried out using a rake to crush large clods of earth.
The introduction of manure into the soil is permissible only 1 year before planting the radish, but not earlier. This is because radishes do not react well to fresh manure.
It is recommended to fertilize the soil in autumn with potash and phosphorus-containing fertilizers (superphosphate and potassium nitrate). Top dressing must be carried out strictly according to the instructions for the use of this product. We wrote in more detail about the soil for radish in another article.
After what crops can you sow?
This crop gives the greatest yield when grown after:
Do not grow radishes after cabbage and cruciferous crops.
How to plant and choose depth?
- Furrows are created on the planting area with a depth of 2 centimeters.
- It is advisable to pour a small layer of sand and ash on the bottom of the furrows. The distance in a row between seeds should be 5 cm. Row spacing - 15 cm.
- After planting, the seeds are covered with earth with a layer of 1 centimeter.
Radishes planted too deeply produce roots with a fibrous structure. Planting is carried out, as a rule, manually. From the inventory you need: a rake, a hoe. After planting, the beds need to be watered and mulched to maintain moisture in the soil.
Attention! With a lack of moisture in the soil, radishes tend to bloom.
Moderate watering of crops is carried out once every two days. It is important not to allow the presence of weeds in the garden and remove them in time. With thickened plantings, it is necessary to thin out crops. If the day length is too long, it is advisable to shorten the illumination time. - cover the beds after 18 hours.
In the event of the appearance of diseases and pests, it is necessary to immediately process the plantings with the use of insecticides and fungicides. Radishes tend to accumulate nitrates in fruits. Therefore, it is undesirable to feed it with nitrogen fertilizers. It is advisable to apply fertilizers to the soil in the fall before spring planting using potassium nitrate and superphosphate. Read about growing radishes in this material.
Harvesting and storage
Harvesting is carried out as the root crops grow larger. Early varieties begin to be harvested in 18 days, mid-ripening in 25 days, late-ripening in a month. The collected fruits are stored in plastic bags in the refrigerator or cellar. The shelf life can be up to 1 month or more. First you need to shorten the root and cut off the tops.
Do not overexpose radishes in the soil - the fruits will become hollow.
- Frost - Long periods of frost can reduce crop yields.
- Pests and diseases can infect radishes, but controlling them with insecticides and fungicides will minimize damage.
Subject to the cultivation techniques and favorable conditions, you will definitely get a rich harvest and will not have any problems.
Growing radishes in the spring allows you to have a delicious and crunchy vegetable on your table.that will accentuate the spring atmosphere. Radish tastes good and is rich in vitamins and is easy to grow.