Winter garlic is a variety that is planted before winter. During frosts, the vegetable is formed, and germinates in the spring.
But sometimes winter garlic has to be planted in the spring. To do everything right, you need to follow the recommendations of experienced gardeners.
What is the difference between planting winter garlic in spring? When exactly to plant in spring, what does the time depend on? How to get a full harvest from spring plantings? You will find the answers to these questions in our article, as well as detailed step-by-step instructions for growing.
Features of the winter variety
Winter garlic differs from spring garlic in that it is planted in autumn. (about the features and differences of the procedure for planting garlic in winter and autumn, you can find out here). Gardeners tend to prefer this species for its taste and ability to take root. Winter garlic also has external differences: the cloves are rather large and are located around the stem. This species reproduces with the help of bulbs on arrows or teeth.
Growing winter garlic is easy, but there are a number of features. The soil must be fertile, so it is better to choose loamy or sandy loam. The acidity of the soil should be neutral. Garlic can be planted either separately or next to other plants.
Can it be planted in spring, like spring?
This species was created for planting in the fall, but it can also be planted in the spring. You just need to follow a few rules (more about when and how to plant garlic in the fall, we talked about here).
The main thing that needs to be done is to artificially create winter. If the plant does not survive the frost, it will not form completely. To do this, you need to stratify the plant.
- The cloves should be placed in wet sand or sawdust, or wrapped in a wet cloth.
- Then put it on the bottom shelf of the refrigerator for a few days.
Only after this procedure can you start planting garlic.
When is it in the spring, what does the time depend on?
Can winter garlic be planted in early spring? The time depends on the region where the landing takes place. It is not the month that is important, but the temperature, since the plant needs heat and moisture. Garlic can be planted at an average temperature of +5 degrees. At this time, the root system will begin to develop. When it warms up to +15 degrees, the garlic will begin to grow actively.
Landing dates depending on the region:
- South - end of February - beginning of March.
- The middle strip is mid or late April.
- North - early May.
Is there a dependence on the variety?
All varieties of winter garlic are suitable for spring planting. Sophia garlic takes root especially well. Its husk is purple, and there are 8-10 cloves in the bulb.
Advantages and disadvantages
Many gardeners choose to plant winter winter garlic in the spring. The reasons may be different: someone did not manage to plant a vegetable in the fall, but someone did it on purpose.
This method has several advantages:
- Harvest with a long shelf life. The vegetable is edible throughout the winter.
- Resistance of garlic to pests and diseases.
- Friendly and uniform shoots.
- Safe growth.
But there are also disadvantages:
- Low, in comparison with autumn, productivity.
- Lack of bright taste.
- Long ripening.
What are the consequences?
The main disadvantage in planting winter garlic in spring is a poor harvest. Even if the grower does everything right, there is no guarantee that the planted garlic will grow tasty. The most common occurrence is small heads and teeth. The vegetable does not have time to form, so it does not grow to the required size.
How to keep a vegetable from the fall?
If it was decided to plant garlic in the spring, then the question arises of its storage. There are many simple ways:
- Cooling. This includes storing garlic anywhere with a low temperature. This could be a refrigerator or a pantry.
- Overflowing. You can sprinkle the garlic with salt, flour, onion skins, and even expanded vermiculite. It is better to store such garlic in a jar or in a saucepan. Garlic layers and spills alternate. On top of the garlic should be covered by 2 cm. During the winter, the contents of the jars should be sorted out, removing spoiled vegetables and changing the spillage.
- Braiding. With the help of a rope, the heads are attached to each other according to the principle of a braid. Such garlic can become a natural and unusual decoration of the kitchen.
- Storage in boxes, nets, nylon stockings. You can only store strong, hard heads that have at least three layers of husk. The plants are harvested and dried within a month. Then, if you do not plan to braid in braids, the garlic is trimmed. You need to cut off the stem, leaving 5 cm, and the roots, leaving 1 cm.
The optimum storage temperature is from +2 to +20 degrees. Humidity should be at 70-80%. Do not store garlic near a radiator, heater, stove or other heating devices. So it will quickly dry out and lose moisture. Keeping garlic at home is not recommended for longer than 4-5 months.
Step-by-step instructions for growing
In order for the garlic to grow well, it is important not only to choose the right variety and time, but also to precisely follow the procedure for planting.
A tool that makes it easier to manually plant garlic is called a "marker" (read about how to automate planting garlic using a "garlic planter" here). It is necessary for accurate marking and preparation of holes, in which garlic cloves are then placed. The tool consists of a plank and "teeth" nailed to it (parting from wine, small pieces of wood, metal cones).
For convenience, a handle can be attached to the large marker. Markers can be either metal or wood. You can buy them at a specialist gardening store or do it yourself.
There are three types of markers:
They differ in the size and principle of creating holes. For a small bed, a needle marker is enough, and for large areas it is better to use a serrated marker.
Also we need other devices that are in every summer cottage:
- bayonet shovel;
- manual flat cutter;
- watering can.
Before planting the cloves in the ground, you need to process them. There are two easy ways.
- Place the garlic in a bowl filled with moss. The layers of garlic and moss should alternate. The vegetable should be there until the roots appear 3-5 mm long. Then this container must be filled with snow and taken to a cold place (basement or closet).
- The head of garlic must be divided into cloves without removing the husk from them. Then you need to soak them in a weak solution of potassium permanganate for two hours. The water should be pale pink. After that, individual cloves must be planted in the ground. A box or small cups are suitable as a container. It is better to do this in February or March.
When planting garlic in spring, you need to choose an open place on a hill. The plant needs constant moisture, but it should not be flooded. It is better not to use the beds on which potatoes, onions or tomatoes used to grow. The earth will do after legumes, cabbage and cucumbers. More about the compatibility of garlic and different vegetables, as well as after which crops it can be planted, we talked about in our material.
Fertilizers need to be applied in the fall. This applies to both organics and minerals. If you add them in the spring, they will not have time to decompose and can harm the plant. In the spring, you can only add ash. Also, before planting, you need to loosen the top layer of the earth and remove plant residues.
There are two main ways to plant garlic - seedling and non-seedling.
- Seedling. It consists in the fact that the seedlings are first grown at home in small containers and only then are planted in the garden (more about the rules for growing garlic at home, as well as which variety to choose, can be found here).
- Seedless. The cloves are immediately planted in the ground. Before planting the garlic, you need to make holes. A marker is used for this. The depth should be about 2-3 cm, and the distance between the holes should be 6 cm. The ground should be moist. Cloves or seedlings are placed in the hole and covered with a layer of earth.
It is quite easy to care for this plant - you do not need to have special gardening skills. The most important thing is to maintain soil moisture, so that the garlic does not dry out.
But if the spring is rainy, you need to loosen the ground more often. After sprouting, you can add mineral fertilizers. Watering should be stopped two weeks before harvest.
Possible problems and difficulties
There are many difficulties that a gardener may encounter when planting winter garlic in spring:
- Bad land.
- Lack or excess of moisture.
- Unsuitable fertilizers.
- Poor planting material.
- Wrong grade.
You need to carefully consider all stages of planting garlic in order to get a good harvest.
For more information on whether it is possible to plant winter garlic in spring, see the video below:
Winter garlic is intended for planting before winter, so it is harder and more problematic to grow it in spring. Therefore, if, nevertheless, winter garlic is planted in spring, then one must be prepared for the fact that the harvest will not be so plentiful, and the taste may differ. But still, if you follow the rules, you can grow delicious winter garlic even in the spring.