Recommend cutting magnolia and pine

Question: advice from magnolia and pine cuttings

Hi everyone, I would like to create two bonsai, one of pine and one of magnolia with cutting. What advice can you give me?
Should the leaves and needles of the cuttings be halved?
Write me everything you need to know and the important steps you need to take. I'm a little inexperienced, but I really love bonsai. They are wonderful!

Answer: I recommend magnolia and pine cuttings

Dear Gian,
in general, the cuttings of resinous plants are difficult to take root, especially if you take woody branches; you can try in late spring to take cuttings wooden seeds, or the tips of the newly developed twigs, which are still green, without the thick and hard bark. As for the magnolia, you can take spring woody seed cuttings or try woody cuttings in late summer.
Since it is not always easy to root the plants, or some root by cuttings with great ease, while others give really disappointing results, generally we proceed by taking several cuttings, even 15-20 for each plant, so that the chances of success are alzino, and also so that it is possible to choose among the rooted cuttings the most vigorous and luxuriant ones.
Then, the tips of some branches are taken, then they are placed in cuttings about 5-7 cm long, which contain at least a couple of internodes, or tufts of needles; a cutting knife is used for cutting, which has a very sharp blade, which must first of all be well cleaned and sharpened, to avoid transmitting diseases to future cuttings.
The cuttings are taken, the leaves are removed in the lower part, which must be cut with a V or apex apex, so that it exposes to the air a portion as large as possible, and the page of all the remaining leaves is halved; a tray is prepared for the rooting of the cuttings, filled with a mixture of washed river sand and peat in equal parts, which must be watered before placing the cuttings, so that it is very moist until deep.
When the twigs are ready, they are immersed in the rooting hormone and inserted into the previously prepared moist soil.
The cutting tray should be kept in a warm and moist place, not exposed to direct sunlight, but bright enough.
Watering is usually provided by means of a vaporizer; cuttings should begin to take root over a few weeks.
What is rooting hormone and what is it for?
Inside the plants, as in the other living beings, there are some vases that in addition to nutrients and water also carry hormones; some of these hormones explain to each individual cell what its function is inside the plant. In this way we have hard and woody cortex cells, leaf cells, root cells. A cell that is at the apex of a trunk, knows that when you grow up it will become a bark, not a root; therefore we inform the tissues of our cutting, through the rooting hormone, which should instead develop roots, not another stem. (unscientific and entirely metaphorical explanation)
Cutting is one of the simplest and most enjoyable practices of plant propagation, in my opinion in many cases even simpler than sowing; after preparing small plants using cuttings, you can evaluate the possibility of preparing young bonsai trees by layering, methods of propagation that require a little additional work, but which can give excellent results.