Orchid Caoda is a relatively young, but already managed to find its admirers hybrid. This exotic plant creates a special atmosphere that is undoubtedly worth the effort spent on caring for it.
If desired, phalaenopsis can not only be grown, but also propagated, delighting friends who are fond of floriculture with pleasant gifts. This article will tell you everything about the Kaoda orchid, as well as provide practical tips for caring for it.
History of origin, origin and place of residence
The Caoda Orchid was discovered by Karl Brume in the tropics of Asia several centuries ago. In the dark, the botanist mistook the plant for a butterfly and only approached, he saw the beautiful flowers. Hence the name of the culture. Kaoda is the result of the work of breeders, trying to adapt a capricious plant to home conditions. The hybrid has successfully adapted to the European climate.
In nature, there are no orchids with this color. This indicates that several types of flowers were used for selection.
Detailed description of the appearance
Kaoda is also called "Black Orchid", but in fact, its flowers have a rich beet, purple or burgundy hue, sometimes with a white border. The lip is snow-white or with purple dots. The petals are dense, covered with a layer of wax, so they shimmer beautifully in the light.
The stem of the plant reaches 20 cm in height, leaves grow along its entire length, the maximum length of which is 22 cm, and the width is 10 cm. The leaf plates have a deep dark green hue.
The flower arrow is located in the center of the rosette of leaves. Sometimes the peduncle branches into two arrows, each of which can form 10-15 buds.
What is the difference from other species?
The Caoda Orchid stands out for its dark flowers with dense, opaque petals of noble shades, covered with a waxy coating. The flowers of this hybrid practically do not smell, the delicate aroma can be caught only during the day.
Varieties: description and photo
There are two sub-varieties of the Caoda orchid. Each of them has its own characteristics.
The name of the variety is translated as “drops of chocolate”. The flowers are large, dark purple, up to 5-7 cm in diameter, with dark purple petals. The length of the stem covered with elastic leaves is from 15 to 20 cm.
Twinkle means "twinkle" in translation. The Kaoda Twinkle orchid is more miniature, but despite this, some scientists do not single it out as a separate variety due to the lack of significant differences.
We suggest watching a video about the Kaoda Twinkle orchid variety:
For the care shown, the Kaoda Orchid thanks it with luxurious flowering. But to enjoy this beauty, you have to try.
When and how?
The Caoda Orchid does not have a dormant period; it can bloom at any time of the year. But most often flower stalks are formed in spring or summer, when daylight hours increase.
Care before and after
To stimulate flowering, the plant needs a short rest in the winter. During this period, the orchid is not fertilized, and watering is reduced to a minimum. The temperature should be reduced to 16-22 ° C. After that, a gradual warming of at least 4-6 ° C is required.
During flowering, the Caoda orchid is not fertilized, and when the buds have fallen, you can again arrange the plant for a two-week rest.
What if it doesn't bloom?
Phalaenopsis buds can be dormant for a long time, waiting for favorable conditions. If there is no flowering, it is necessary to check whether the culture has enough light and nutrients, whether watering is optimal and what temperature is maintained in the room. After the elimination of unfavorable factors, the orchid will bloom.
Step-by-step instructions for growing at home
When caring for phalaenopsis, it is important not to neglect any of the rules. Otherwise, the flower may wilt.
It is best to place the orchid near a window facing west or east. If the light is too bright, its petals will fade. It is necessary to ensure that there are no drafts, the plant does not like the wind.
Preparing the soil and pot
Phalaenopsis can be placed in a pot with a diameter of about 12 cm.Take care of a good drainage layer - the air must circulate freely. Pine bark or coconut chips are used as substrate.
The surface can be covered with sphagnum moss, this will protect the roots from drying out. Moss is a kind of watering indicator. 1-2 days after it starts crunching, the orchid can be moistened.
The Caoda Orchid is a thermophilic plant. During the day, the room temperature should be maintained from +22 to +27 0C, and at night - approximately +18 0C.
Sudden temperature changes of more than 5 ° C are detrimental to the culture. Its leaves immediately begin to become covered with dark spots. If climatic conditions do not stabilize, the plant dies.
The optimum air humidity for a flower is 80 to 90%. To maintain this figure at the desired level, you need to install a humidifier or a container filled with water near the orchid.
The plant needs a lot of sunlight, but it must be diffused. Do not open windows, otherwise direct sunlight will burn the sensitive stem and leaf plates.
With poor or excessive watering, the orchid quickly dies. To provide her with proper care, you need to adhere to these rules:
- when the culture does not bloom, it is enough to water it every 7-10 days;
- in hot weather, more frequent hydration is required - every 2-4 days;
- during the flowering period, moisture should flow every 10-12 days.
The fact that it is time to water the orchid can be determined by the dried surface of the soil. The culture needs to be sprayed periodically, but water should not get into the leaf rosettes.
To prevent orchid decay, wet leaf rosettes must be dried with a cotton swab. It is also necessary to pour in excess moisture from the pallet in a timely manner.
To enjoy the flowering of the Kaoda orchid, it needs to be fed. For this purpose, only liquid mineral fertilizers for orchids are suitable. During the period of active growth and formation of buds, they must be applied at intervals of 20 days.
First, you need to add quite a bit of fertilizing to see how the culture reacts to substances unfamiliar to it. If the condition of the plant has not worsened within a few days, you can use the drug in accordance with the instructions.
You cannot feed a flower that has just been brought home. He needs to stand for two days in a semi-dark room without watering in order to successfully pass acclimatization. You should also not apply fertilizer when the flowers are in full bloom, otherwise they will quickly fall off.
If the substrate has begun to decompose, the orchid needs to be transplanted. Pine bark usually deteriorates after 2-3 years. In addition, you need to ensure that the root system is not cramped in the pot.
How to propagate?
The culture reproduces in the same way as other orchids:
- "Children" formed in the root area;
- "Kids" from peduncles;
The latter method requires a lot of patience, only specialists take it. In addition, even under ideal conditions, few seeds germinate.
If it is necessary to divide a bush or cut a stalk, this should not be done during the flowering period. An orchid needs strength to recover, so it can shed its buds.
"Children" are separated in this way:
- A healthy, large orchid is suitable for reproduction.
- After flowering, it is necessary to cut off the top of the peduncle with a sharp blade to the upper dormant bud.
- Sprinkle the cut with charcoal.
- A new shoot needs greenhouse conditions. An aquarium with a substrate and sphagnum at the bottom is suitable.
- The culture should not be watered for the next few days.
Diseases and pests
Many owners of the Kaoda orchid have to deal with the following problems:
- Spider mite. To cope with it, hot water irrigation and acaricide are used. Fitoverm is recognized as the most harmless.
- Whitefly, aphids and thin mites can be removed only with industrial poisons.
- Rotting due to excess moisture. It is necessary to remove traces of rot, thoroughly dry the roots and the green part of the plant. After that, the orchid should be transplanted.
Prevention of various problems
To prevent orchid diseases, you need to be careful:
- If the leaves have acquired a yellowish tint, it is necessary to weaken the watering, control the level of humidity in the air, and provide the plant with diffused lighting.
- Leaves rot when not properly cared for. It is necessary to ensure that moisture does not accumulate on the green part of the phalaenopsis.
- If the air is too dry, or there is no spraying, the leaf plates begin to fall off.
The Caoda Orchid is a majestic plant with dark, showy flowers. This culture will organically fit into the interior of an office or home. To prevent the phalaenopsis from wilting, it cannot be ignored. Only in comfortable conditions will Kaoda grow and blossom well.