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Zonal varieties of geraniums have long become inhabitants of city apartments, while ampelous varieties are only gaining popularity.
The ampelous, or ivy-leaved geranium is especially beautiful - with proper care, it will delight with beautiful flowering, and can also be used on vertical surfaces and become an excellent decoration for a garden plot.
Find out all the details about the history of origin, features of care and reproduction of this beautiful plant.
Botanical description and history of the species
Ampel varieties of geraniums were discovered at the end of the 17th century and began to be in demand due to their special smell, decorative appearance and flowing curly stems. The homeland of the ivy or ivy variety is South Africa, where, in addition to this species, more than 200 varieties of this plant grow. Ampel geranium has specific flat leavesshaped like five-lobed ivy leaves. In structure, they are smooth, even and leathery, quite strong.
The plant is distinguished by long, flexible stems. The length of the branches can reach 1-1.5 meters. The type of inflorescence of ampelous geranium is umbellate. On one bunch, from 5 to 9 flowers are formed. The flowering period of ivy geranium begins in mid-spring and ends in mid-summer.
This plant has a wide color range of inflorescences.... Possible options are from white to purple and dark red. Inhomogeneous color options are possible - with stripes, rims, dots and contrasting spots.
reference... Ampel plants are called plants with characteristic creeping flowing stems, thanks to which they got their name (Ampel is translated from German as "hanging vase").
Description of the appearance and origin of the name
Ivy geranium owes its name to the specific shape of the leaves, which resemble ivy leaf blades, but are slightly smaller in size. This variety belongs to ampelous, all representatives of which have a common characteristic - flexible branches hanging down.
Houseplants of ivy geraniums are somewhat different from those that grow in natural conditions - the leaf plates of the former are more delicate and thin, and the stems fall in cascades. Unlike other varieties of the plant, ampelous has smooth dark green leaves without felt hairs. The width reaches 5-6 centimeters.
The flowers of the plant are cactus-shaped or star-shapedcollected in umbellate inflorescences. They differ in their small size and a variety of shades.
Popular varieties: description and photo
Ampel geranium is famous for its variety of varieties.
The variety is distinguished by a decorative exterior with large light green leaves.... The buds are five-leafed, narrowed towards the base. The flowers are bright pink with red or crimson veins.
A beautiful variety with buds reminiscent of bush roses. Differs in abundant and long flowering. Flowers are white with a greenish tint, gather in racemose inflorescences.
Bushy variety with spotted decorative leaf plates, quite picky about the conditions of detention. It blooms with purple and pink flowers with purple veins.
Lush branched bush-shaped variety. Differs in fast growth and long flowering. The inflorescence petals are shaped like butterflies, painted in fuchsia color with dark veins and spots.
Where and how to plant a flower?
First of all, it is worth choosing a place for the location of the room ampelous geranium. It is important to provide her with enough light.... It is best to choose a place where the sun's rays will be the maximum time. During the winter months it is necessary to provide the plant with additional lighting.
Important! Bright light is essential for the normal growth and development of ivy geraniums.
Ivy geranium is not demanding on mail - it should be loose, moisture-absorbing and nutritious soil, it is allowed to add a small amount of clay. The most common composition of the substrate can be used. To do this, mix in equal parts:
- leafy ground;
- and sod.
It is worth taking care of the drainage - the plant does not like stagnant moisture... Expanded clay is suitable for this.
To make geranium inflorescences more lush, in the spring-autumn period, you can feed the plant with potash and phosphorus mixtures.
Planting at home can be done in spring or early fall. Indoor plants of ampelous geraniums feel comfortable in:
- small pots;
- hanging baskets;
- and balcony boxes.
It is important to take into account that the distance between the roots of the plant and the walls of the pot should not be more than 2 cm. Seedlings for outdoor cultivation are planted in the spring in a box at a distance of 10-15 cm from each other.
You can put plants outside at the end of the spring frost.... The optimum room temperature in summer is between 20 ° C and 25 ° C, and in winter it should not drop below 15 ° C.
In a hotter period, it is necessary to increase the watering of the plant. At normal times, it is recommended to water the plant as the soil dries out.
Important! Subzero temperatures are detrimental to ivy geraniums.
Top dressing is carried out from early spring to late summer - during the flowering period. For this, mineral supplements and organic fertilizers are suitable. At the beginning of spring, it is recommended to prune the bare stems and pinch the shoots. - this will make the geranium fluffier and cause it to branch.
Features of care and reproduction
Ampel geranium reproduces in two ways:
- by cuttings.
For this method, it is important to choose quality seeds from manufacturers. You can try using seeds taken during the flowering of geraniums, but in this case there is a great chance that the plants will differ in appearance from the mother plants. Difficulties can also arise with hybrid plants.
When propagated by seeds, ivy geraniums can be quite capricious.... Seeds are usually planted in the soil in December. In winter, the seedlings should be provided with adequate lighting. For planting, a standard potting mix of:
- deciduous land.
Seeds are planted 3-5 mm, covered with a film and germinate at a temperature not lower than 22 ° C. If all conditions are met, the seeds should sprout within 7-10 days.... Later, the germinated seeds are transplanted into separate containers.
This type of reproduction is recommended in early autumn, when pruning plants. Spring is also suitable, provided that the plants have had time to grow well and give shoots suitable for further breeding.
The length of the shoot should be at least 7 cm and not exceed 12 cm. The trumpet geranium can be planted in the soil 2-5 hours after grafting. This time is necessary for the plant to dry out and the formation of a special film on the cut that prevents rotting. Rooting occurs without germination in the aquatic environmentotherwise the plant may rot.
After drying, it is important to sprinkle the cut with charcoal or activated charcoal. This is necessary for antiseptic treatment. After that, you can plant geraniums in boxes. After the appearance of new leaves, the seedling must be pinched to make it more lush.
Knowing these simple rules, you can easily propagate the ampelous geranium yourself.
Is it possible to grow not only at home, but also outdoors?
Separately, it should be said about the cultivation of geraniums on the street. In order for the plant to grow not at home, but in outdoor conditions, it must be prepared. To do this, in the spring, containers with flowers begin to gradually expose to the street for a while, while avoiding freezing temperatures. After freezing, geraniums can be exposed outside for the summer.
Closer to autumn, when the temperature starts to drop below 10 ° C, it is recommended to take geraniums indoors. At the same time, special conditions are created for them - a bright and cool place, the temperature of the content is 7-10 ° C, as well as a reduction in watering. During the off-season, the plant can winter on window sills..
Ampel geranium is an incredibly beautiful plant that, with proper care, can become a real addition to the interior and delight with cascades of curly flowers not only during the flowering period, but also in winter. It does not require special care and is easy enough to maintain, which is why it is in demand among gardeners in many countries.