Description and structural features of bedbugs: habitat, nutrition and reproduction, harm

 Description and structural features of bedbugs: habitat, nutrition and reproduction, harm

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Among insects, bugs occupy a special place.

Squad of bedbugs the most numerous, including dozens of families.

They can be carnivorous or herbivorous, very useful or causing great harm to humans, plants and animals.

Despite the differences, the bugs of the representatives of the order have many characteristics in common: appearance, color, behavior and the characteristic odor inherent in most individuals.

Features of the structure of the bug

Next, we will answer the following questions: are bugs insects or not, what order do the bugs belong to, do they jump or crawl, do bedbugs have wings?

The detachment of hemiptera bugs received its name for the special structure of the front wings. They are heterogeneous, most of it is covered with hard chitin, and the apical is softer, with distinct veins. Hind wings transparent... There are short-winged and long-winged individuals, and one species can include both.

Do bedbugs fly or not? Some bedbugs have wing lengths that vary by gender.... Long-winged individuals can fly, but short-winged individuals are unable to do so. The detachment also includes representatives who have completely lost their wings. Bright representatives of this category are bed bugs, which are absolutely not adapted for flight.

How do bed bugs move? The appearance is complemented by three pairs of legs, the length of which depends on the species. Many herbivores have strong, well-developed limbs that allow them to move quickly.

Bed bugs have short and weak legs., insects move slowly and cannot travel long distances. Most bugs have long antennae and piercing-sucking mouth apparatus.

Bed bugs vary in size depending on the species. The smallest have a body length of no more than 1 mm, large ones can reach 10 cm.

The body is flattened, rounded or slightly angular, the wings are folded on the back and are almost invisible. Rod-shaped or spherical forms are rarely found.

Coloration can be dark or bright, the patronizing color is practically not found.

Predatory bugs are the brightest colored, their wings can have a shiny metallic green, deep red, orange, bluish tint, there are also variegated forms. Bed bugs are painted in deep, dark brown-brown tones.

What do bedbugs smell like? The conspicuous color scheme is combined with characteristic smell of a secret, which is secreted by the mammary glands of bedbugs, located behind the first pair of legs. Entomologists believe that the fragrant secret serves not only to scare away predators, but also to attract the opposite sex, playing the role of pheromones.

The smell of bedbugs very unpleasant for humans and animals, cimicic acid is responsible for its intensity. The secreting mammary glands are well developed in parasitic bugs. Many predatory species, as well as water bugs, are devoid of scent glands.

Nutrition and reproduction

Hemiptera are ubiquitous their colonies are very extensive... However, bed bugs cannot boast of excessive fertility.

Females lay from a couple dozen to 200 eggs oval, cylindrical or conical. At the end of each egg there is a cap, from which the larva emerges at a certain stage of development.

Most bedbugs lay eggs in secluded places, but there are species that bear offspring on themselves. The development of larvae takes place in 5 stages, growth time to an adult insect ranges from a couple of weeks to 2 years.

The larvae are very similar to adult bugs, they are distinguished by color nuances, smaller sizes, shorter antennae, lack of thorns and other characteristic features.

Most of the bugs are herbivorous, but there are predators, as well as individuals with a mixed type of food... A significant part of the hemiptera are pests and cause great harm to agricultural plantings.

Depending on the families bugs destroy cereals (both spring and winter), cruciferous (cabbage, lettuce, rapeseed, mustard), infect fruit trees.

Adult insects and larvae suck the juice from the leaves, after which they turn white, curl up and fall off, and the plant itself may die or stop fruiting.

Carnivorous bugs specialize in killing insects... Most families live in the wild, but some representatives prefer human dwellings. There they hunt flies, midges and other insects.

A separate place is occupied by bed bugs, feeding on human and small animal blood (pikas, bats, birds). Several species of this family settle exclusively in human dwellings, others are found in bird nests, hollows and other shelters.

They are nocturnal, attacking mostly in the dark... Adults bite almost painlessly, injecting anesthetics, the bites of small bugs are much more unpleasant.

After biting characteristic red spots remain on the skinarranged in a heap or in the form of chains. Bedbug bites cause severe itching, pain, local swelling, possible allergic reactions.

Useful materials

Read other articles about bedbugs:

  • Look for home remedies such as scarers and traps.
  • Find out the main reasons for the appearance of bloodsuckers in the apartment, namely bed parasites.
  • What do house bugs look like and how to get rid of them using various methods?
  • How to recognize their bites, especially in children and how to properly treat damaged areas?
  • To effectively fight these insects, find out where you can find their nests and can they live in clothes?
  • Read more about folk remedies, in particular vinegar and temperature exposure.
  • Effective preventive measures.
  • Explore a few review articles on modern remedies, particularly bed bugs. Check out the list of products that are safe for people and pets, and learn how to properly prepare an apartment before processing.
  • If you cannot cope with parasites on your own, we recommend that you contact a professional. They have effective destruction technologies and will be able to help you in the shortest possible time.

Below is a list of well-proven drugs (you can use it yourself):

  • Powders and Dusts: Clean House, Karbofos.
  • Chalk Mashenka.
  • Sprays: Tetrix, Get, Tsifox, Forsyth, Fufanon, Cucaracha, Executioner.
  • Aerosols: Raid, Raptor, Combat.

Despite the fact that most of the bugs have absolutely no contact with humans, some members of the order are considered one of the most unpleasant insect pests.

This category includes bed bugs, insects that feed on human blood. As well as herbivorous individuals that harm agricultural plantings. To combat them, a variety of methods have been invented to keep the population under control.

Watch the video: The sickest most infested Bed Bug job in Syracuse NY (August 2022).