Fat plants

Aloe vera

Question: aloe vera

I separated a few days ago the mother from the new plants by putting them in two different pots. I then made the mistake of watering too much, at least I think this is the problem, and now the leaves are sagging and changing color: first they were turgid and bright green and now they tend to brown. What to do to save them?
Thanks for the reply

Answer: aloe vera

Dear Donatella,
when we try to propagate aloe plants, and also other succulents, we must remember that it is succulent, and that their tissues are slightly different from those of other plants.
When we prepare a cutting of a woody plant, or we divide a head of perennial plants, the first thing we do is to repot the obtained portions or cuttings, and water them quickly, because we fear that they will lose water and therefore will be ruined, going to make our attempts at propagation are in vain.
Instead, succulent plants contain a lot of water, generally in all tissues; aloe leaves also contain a sort of mucilage, which comes out at the time of cutting, even when we remove the basal suckers; for this reason when we take a cutting of succulent plant, instead of immediately soaking it in the soil and watering, it is fundamental to let the cutting or the sucker remain in the air for a few days; in this way the cutting surface will dry out, and will therefore be ready for rooting.
Your suckers should be removed from the ground, if necessary you will have to remove the very damaged and soggy leaves; wait a few days and then insert them in the soil; please don't use the soil you were using before but change everything, to avoid bacteria or fungi in the earth.
Also with regard to the mother plant, after having removed the suckers it is good to leave it dry for a few days, from four days to a week; only after this time has passed, and the cuts of the suckers have started to dry out, can you start watering again.
I remind you that succulent plants do not need excessive watering, especially during the cold months: the colder it is and the less watering they need; in addition to this, remember that the fewer daylight hours are, the less your aloe needs watering.
So even if you grow your plant at home, with an average of 20 ° C, in January it will not need watering, except for sporadic light waterings, which will only moisten the substrate.
It is fundamental that in the course of the days the cultivation substrate can dry completely, instead of being constantly humid.